Emilia Schmidt Flygare Carlen, a Swedish novelist, born at Stromstad, Aug. 8, 1807. In 1827 she was married to a physician named Flygare, was left a widow in 1833, and in 1841 became the wife of J. G. Carlen, a lawyer of Stockholm, also known as a poet and novelist. Her first novel, " Waldemar Klein," was published anonymously in 1838. She has since written more than 30 works, the greater part of which have been translated into English, French, and German. The following are some of the best known: " The Birthright," " Gus-tavus Lindorm," "The Hermit," "Twelve Months of Matrimony," " The Rose of Thistle Island," "The Lover's Stratagem," " Home in the Valley," "The Maiden's Tower," "Marie Louise," "Woman's Life," "The Temptations of Wealth," "A Brilliant Marriage," and "The Professor." Her subjects are usually chosen from the lower ranks of Swedish society, and she is distinguished more for accurate delineation of real life than for imaginative power.
Emir, Or Amir, an Arabic title, meaning a prince or commander. The caliphs had the tile of emir al-mumenin, commander of the faithful; and the Abbassides toward the latter part of their dynasty named their chief minister emir al-omra, prince of the princes. This official presided over the council and commanded the army. About 1588 Amurath III. appointed one of the Druse sheiks emir, with viceregal powers. In Persian mit is derived from emir, and hence mirzade, descendant of a prince, which has been corrupted to mirza.
Emiscorthy, a market town of Ireland, in the county and 13 m. N. W. of the city of Wexford, on both banks of the river Slaney, and on the railway from Dublin to Wexford; pop. in 1871, 5,804. The Slaney, which here becomes a deep and navigable stream, is crossed by a bridge of six arches. The town contains a castle, a large modern Roman Catholic church, built from the designs of Pugin, several Protestant churches, a woollen factory, flour mills, tan yards, and distilleries, two banks, and two newspapers. At the weekly markets much grain and agricultural produce is sold. Ennis-corthy was captured by Cromwell in 1649, and was stormed and burned in June, 1798, by the Irish rebels, who a few days later were completely routed in the battle of Vinegar hill.
Emiskillen, a town and parliamentary borough of Ireland, capital of the county Fermanagh, 89 m. N. W. of Dublin; pop. in 1871, 5,906. It is very picturesquely situated on an island connecting Upper and Lower Lough Erne, and on the adjoining mainland on both sides, which communicate with each other by two bridges. The town has a Roman Catholic and several Protestant churches, county buildings, and two barracks. It manufactures cutlery and straw hats, and there is a weekly market for flax, and others for butter and pork. Three newspapers are published. A railway, 32 m. long, connects the town with Bundoran, a favorite watering place on Donegal bay, near Ballyshannon. The town is noted for the victory achieved here in July, 1689, by its Protestant volunteers, over a detachment of James II.; and it has given its name to a regiment in the British service, which was originally raised from the defenders of the place.