Ephah, a measure in use among the Hebrews. As a liquid measure, it was the same as the bath or firkin, and contained about 7 1/2 gallons. As a dry or hollow measure, it was one tenth of the homer, and was equal to 10 omers or gomers. It held a little more than 1 1/2 bushel of our measure. But there was a difference between the measures, weights, etc, of the Hebrews before and after the captivity.


Ephod, one of the articles of the official dress worn by Hebrew priests, consisting of two parts, one covering the breast and the other the back, united upon the shoulders, and sometimes described as thrown over the shoulders, crossed upon the breast, and then carried round the waist to serve as a girdle for the robe. It was of two kinds: one of plain linen, for the priests; and the other, for the high priest, "of gold, and blue, and purple, and scarlet, and fine twined linen," richly embroidered. On the shoulders of the high priest's ephod were two onyx stones, set in gold, having engraved on them the names of the 12 tribes, 6 on each stone; and where it crossed the breast was a square ornament, called the pectoral or breast plate, in which? were set 12 precious stones, each bearing the name of one of the 12 tribes engraved on it. The ephod was worn by others besides priests.


Ephraim, second son of Joseph, the founder of the tribe of Ephraim. The tribe occupied one of the finest and most fruitful territories of Palestine, in the very centre of the land. It included most of the province afterward called Samaria, and contained many of the most distinguished places of Palestine between the Jordan and the Mediterranean, having the tribes of Dan and Benjamin on the south and of Manasseh on the north. It was crossed by the mountain range bearing its name. The tribe of Ephraim often appears as the representative of the ten tribes, or the northern Hebrew state, both in historical and prophetical passages of the Scriptures. It held for a long time the ark and the tabernacle at Shiloh. Next to Judah it was the most warlike of the tribes, and gave to Israel several celebrated leaders and kings.

Ephraim Blaine

Ephraim Blaine, an American soldier, born in 1741, died at Carlisle, Penn., in March, 1804. He entered the army as a colonel at the commencement of the revolutionary war, and was subsequently made commissary general. He was with Washington in many of the most trying scenes of the revolution, and enjoyed his entire confidence. During the "dark winter" at Valley Forge the preservation of the American army from starvation was in a great degree owing to the exertions of Col. Blaine. - His great-grandson, James Gillespie, born in Washington co., Pa., Jan. 31, 1830, was for some time a teacher at the south, afterward a journalist at Augusta and Portland, Me., and a member of the Maine legislature (1857-62), and two years speaker of the house. He was elected to congress in 1862, has been reelected five times (1872)," and in 1869 was chosen speaker <3f the house of representatives.