See Essential Oils.


See Aspern and Essling.

Esteban Echeverria

Esteban Echeverria, a South American poet, born in Buenos Ayres in 1809, died in Montevideo in 1851. He published his first poems in 1829, subsequently went to France, and on his return prepared several other volumes, after the style of Byron and Lamartine. La cautiva (1837), his best poem, contains exquisite descriptions of the pampas and the Argentine people. Rosas expelled him from Buenos Ayres, and he spent the latter part of his life in Montevideo, where in 1849 he published La insurrection del Sud.

Esteban Manuel De Villegas

EstéBan Manuel De Villegas, a Spanish poet, born in Najera, Old Castile, in 1596, died there, Sept. 3,1669. He was educated at Madrid and at Salamanca, where he studied law. When 21 years old he published a Volume of poems, Las eróticas (4to, Najera, 1617), many of which he boasted of having written when only 14 years of age. The most remarkable of these are imitations of Anacreon, which are imbued with all the sweetness of their originals. He devoted the remainder of his life to the practice of law, and died unfortunate and poor. He wrote several dissertations on classic authors, and additions to the Theodosian code, and in 1665 translated Boethius into excellent Spanish. His collected works were published in 1774 (2 vols. 8vo, Madrid).


Estella, a city of Navarre, Spain, on the left bank of the Ega, about 25 m. S. W. of Pamplona; pop. about 6,000. It is situated in a beautiful valley surrounded by hills and planted with vines, olives, and other trees. It has excellent streets and fine squares, and contains an ancient castle, a number of churches, and many public institutions, including a college and an academy of music. There are manufactures of woollen, linen, and silk goods, oil, wine, brandy, earthenware, and leather, and an active trade. Don Carlos, the first pretender of this name, whose headquarters were for a long time in this locality, was proclaimed king here in November, 1833; and in 1839, when he fled to France, a number of his officers were summarily executed at Estella. In the summer of 1873 the Carlists again occupied the town, but on Oct. 5 were compelled to evacuate it by the government troops under Gen. Moriones.

Estelle Anna Blanche Robinson (Lewis)

Estelle Anna Blanche Robinson (Lewis), an . American authoress, born near Baltimore in April, 1824. She was educated at the female seminary of Troy, N. Y. In 1841 she was married to Mr. Sydney D. Lewis, a lawyer of Brooklyn, N. Y., since which she has resided much abroad, principally in England. Her earliest writings were published in the "Family Magazine " of Albany, and she was afterward a frequent contributor to other periodicals. In 1844 appeared her first volume of poems, "The Record of the Heart," containing some of her best minor pieces. It was followed by "The Child of the Sea and other Poems " (1848) and " Myths of the Minstrel " (1852). In 1863, while on a visit to the United States, she published " Helemah, or the Fall of Montezuma," a tragedy. In 1865 she returned to England, and a collection of her poems was reprinted in London in 1866. In 1868 she produced "Sappho of Lesbos " a tragedy, and in 1869 " The King's Stratagem," a tragedy.