Estepa, a town of Spain, in the province and about 60 m. E. S. E. of the city of Seville, on the N. side of Mount Francisco; pop. about 7,000. It is tolerably well built, with some large and many small and steep streets, and a number of squares. The church of Santa Maria la Mayor is a Gothic building of alleged Moorish origin. There is an ancient feudal fortress, which was once deemed impregnable on account of its situation on the summit of the mountain which overhangs the town. Coarse cloths and other articles are manufactured, and there are many oil mills - Estepa is supposed to occupy the site of the ancient Astapa, whose inhabitants in the second Punic war destroyed themselves and their city rather than fall into the hands of the Romans.


Estepona, a town of Spain, on the Mediterranean, in the province of Malaga, 25 m. N. E. of Gibraltar; pop. about 9,000. It contains the ruins of an ancient castle and an unusually large number of boarding and day schools. The parish church, built in 1474, is a fine building. The inhabitants are chiefly engaged in the herring fishery and maritime enterprises.

Estienne, Or Etienne

Estienne, Or Etienne, a celebrated French family of printers. See Stephens.


Estill, an E. county of Kentucky, intersected by the Kentucky river; area, about 300 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 9,198, of whom 599 were colored. It is well supplied with water power, and rich in coal and iron. The surface is uneven or mountainous, and there are many extensive forests. The soil is moderately but not uniformly fertile. The chief productions in 1870 were 7,910 bushels of wheat, 376,792 of Indian corn, 25,642 of oats, 14,095 of potatoes, and 157,580 lbs. of butter. There were 1,956 horses, 1,871 milch cows, 3,029 other cattle, 6,146 sheep, and 8,718 swine; 7 distilleries, 2 saw mills, and 3 manufactories of pig iron. Capital, Irvine.

Estovers, A Norman Term

A Norman Term Estovers, equivalent to necessaries. The most ordinary use of it was in reference to the right of a tenant of lands to take wood nocessary for domestic or farming purposes. In such case it was an exclusive right, and related to wood upon the leased premises. Estovers are also called botes, and are classified in the old books as hay or hedge bote (wood for repair of fences), plough bote (wood for ploughs and other farm implements), and house bote (wood for fuel and repair of buildings). There could be also common of estovers, that is to say, a right of taking wood from other lands, either in common with other persons, or as an exclusive privilege appendant to a particular tenement. The alimony of a wife who had obtained a divorce a mensa et thoro was formerly called estovers, and could be recovered by a writ de estoveriis habendis.

Estrays, Or Strays

Estrays, Or Strays, domestic animals, usually designated as cattle, which are found wandering in enclosed lands, and whose owner is unknown. In England they belong to the proprietor of the manor on which they are found, provided that after proclamation in the church and two market towns the owner does not appear to claim them within a year and a day. In the old books estrays were described as pecus tagans, quod nullus petit, sequitur, vel advocat; therefore dogs and cats were not included; a swan might be, but no other fowl. In the United States the regulation of estrays is by statute, and cattle at large in the public streets contrary to local regulations are included. They are allowed to be detained, and after a certain time and on proper notice, if not reclaimed, they are sold by public auction for the costs of keeping and sale.