Etienne Jodelle

Etienne Jodelle, sieur de Lymodin, a French dramatic poet, born in Paris in 1532, died there in July, 1573. He published sonnets and odes at the age of 17, and endeavored to replace the mysteries and moralities by imitations of the Greek drama with choruses. His tragedy Cleopdtre captive (1552) achieved a brilliant success, despite its tediousness, he himself personating Cleopatra; and his tragedy Didon and comedy Eugene, ou la rencontre, were very popular. He was also known as an orator, architect, painter, and sculptor. His collected works appeared in 1574; the best edition is that of Lyons, 1597.

Etowah

Etowah, a N. E. county of Alabama, intersected by Coosa river; area, about 500 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 10,109, of whom 1,708 were colored. The Alabama and Chattanooga railroad passes through it. The surface is somewhat mountainous, but the soil is fertile. Forests abound. The chief productions in 1870 were 41,128 bushels of wheat, 181,034 of Indian corn, 16,745 of sweet potatoes, 13,791 lbs. of wool, and 1,383 bales of cotton. There were 923 horses, 4,623 cattle, 4,950 sheep, and 8,649 swine. Capital, Gadsden.

Ettlingen

Ettlingen, a town of Baden, Germany, at the entrance of the valley of the Alb, 5 m. S. of Carlsruhe; pop. in 1871, 5,092. It has belonged to Baden since 1234, previous to which it was a free city. The town is noted for the large number of interesting Roman antiquities which have been found near it.

Eubulides Of Miletus

Eubulides Of Miletus, a Greek philosopher, the best known disciple of Euclid of Megara, flourished about the middle of the 4th century B. C. His life was a struggle against Aristotle, in which by a captious logic he sought to prevail against good sense. A partisan of the Megaric principle, that there is nothing real but what is always one, simple, and identical, he immediately found an adversary in the founder of the great contemporary school which made experience the condition of science. He attacked the peripatetic doctrine, like Zeno of Elea, by striving to show that there is none of our experimental notions which does not give place to insolvable difficulties. To this end he invented his famous sophisms, of which the following is a specimen: "Some one lies, and says that he lies. Does he lie, or not? By the hypothesis, he lies. Then he does not lie, for what he says is true. Thus he lies and does not lie at the same time, which is contradictory."

Eucharist

See Lord's Supper.

Eudoxia

Eudoxia, empress of the West, daughter of Theodosius II. and Eudocia, born in Constantinople in 422, died about 463. She was married to her cousin Valentinian III., emperor of the West, after whose death by the hands of emissaries of the senator Maximus for having outraged his wife, she was constrained to espouse the latter. Maximus subsequently had the folly to reveal to her the part which he had taken in the murder of Valentinian, and when the time for vengeance seemed to her to have come she invited to Italy Genseric, king of the Vandals, at whose approach Maximus was murdered. Genseric delivered Rome to pillage, and bore away with him to Africa Eudoxia and her two daughters. They were released after a detention of some years, during which one of the daughters was forced to marry the son of Genseric.