Eudoxus Of Cyzicus, a Greek navigator of the latter half of the 2d century B. C. Expeditions from Egypt to India had for a time ceased, when he revived them under the reign of Ptolemy Physcon. His bold enterprise in seeking the most direct route to India, to which he made two voyages, and whence he seems to have been the first to bring diamonds, and in attempting to circumnavigate Africa by the west, caused him many persecutions; and his reputation has been obscured by the fables with which Mela and others sought to embellish it.
Eugcn Nefreuther, a German painter, born in Munich, Jan. 13, 1806. He studied under his father, Ludwig Neureuther, was employed by Cornelius in the arabesques and other embellishments of the Trojan hall in the Glypto-thek, and distinguished himself by illustrating Goethe. He visited Rome in 1837; from 1848 to 1850 he was director of the porcelain works in Nymphenburg, and subsequently became professor at the academy of Munich. Among his finest productions are designs after Wie-land's " Oberon " in the Königsbau at Munich, and the external embellishments of the polytechnic institute, which was designed by his brother Gottfried, an eminent architect.
Eugene Schneider, a French politician, born in Nancy in April, 1805, died in Paris, Nov. 27, 1875. He and his brother (who died in 1845) became managers of the iron works of Le Creu-zot, and he was elected to the chamber in 1845. In 1851 he was minister of agriculture and commerce. In 1852 he was returned to the legislative body, of which he became vice president, and after Morny's death (1865) president, being repeatedly reëlected. He was also regent of the bank of France.
Eugenie, empress of France. See Bonaparte, vol. iii., p. 55.
A Greek Sophist Eunapius, physician, and biographer, born in Sardis, Lydia, A. D. 347, died about 420. He was an adversary of Christianity, and an enthusiastic admirer of the emperor Julian. At the age of 16 years he went to Athens, where after four years' study he was admitted to know the secrets of the the urgic doctrine of Iamblichus, and was initiated into the Elensinian mysteries. He returned to Sandis as a teacher of rhetoric, and studied medicine. One of his works remains, a book entitled "Lives of the Sophists and Philosophers," which gives the history of philosophers, physicians, and rhetoricians, and of nearly all known in science and letters from the beginning of the 3d to the end of the 4th century. The best edition is that of Boissonade (2 vols. 8vo, Amsterdam, 1822).
Eupen (Fr. Neau), a town of Prussia, in the province of the Rhine, capital of a circle of the same name, situated near the Belgian frontier, 9 m. S. of Aix-la-Chapelle; pop. in 1871, 14,696. It has a Protestant and three Catholic churches, a town school of a high grade, an orphan asylum, and a court of primary jurisdiction. It is one of the most flourishing manufacturing towns of the province.