Eurydice. I. In Greek Mythology, the wife of Orpheus. She died from the bite of a serpent, and her husband followed her into the infernal regions, where Pluto, charmed by the lyre of Orpheus, gave him permission to take her back to earth, on condition that he would not look behind him while ascending. But, overcome by love or doubt, he glanced back at her as they were about to pass the bounds of Hades, and saw her disappearing. (See Orpheus.) II. The daughter of Amyntas, son of Perdiccas III., king of Macedon, and of Cynane, daughter of Philip. On the death of Antipa-ter in 319 B. C, she assembled an army and advanced against Polysperchon, who had succeeded him as regent. The presence of Olym-pias, the mother of Alexander, with the army of the latter, decided the contest against Eury-dice, who was captured and thrown into prison, where she hanged herself. - Several others of the name are mentioned in ancient history.
Eustache Lesueir, a French painter, born in Paris in 1617, died there in 1655. He was a pupil of Vouet, and probably received advice and encouragement from Poussin on his visit to Paris. He assisted Vouet in some works ordered by Cardinal Richelieu, but remained unnoticed. Having married in 1642, he was long obliged to support his family by designing frontispieces of books, devotional pictures, etc. His masterpiece, "St. Paul healing the Sick by the Imposition of Hands," gained for him the surname of the "French Raphael." His grace of touch and composition is conspicuous in a series of 19 pictures which he executed in the drawing room of the hotel Lambert, known as le salon des muses; but the peculiar character of his genius is still more thoroughly displayed in the 22 pictures representing the " Life and Death of St. Bruno." See his Vie et aeuvres, by Vitet (Paris, 1849).
Euterpe (Gr. well, and to delight), the inspirer of delight, one of the nine muses, daughter of Zeus and Mnemosyne (memory). She presided over lyric poetry, and played on the flute, of which she was the inventor ; according to some, she also invented tragedy, which is more generally attributed to her sister Melpomene. She is usually represented as a virgin, crowned with flowers, with a flute in her hand, or various musical instruments around her, and sometimes as dancing.
See Black Sea.
A Syrian Church Historian Evagrius, born about 536, died in Constantinople, probably early in the 7th century. He was an eminent lawyer in Antioch, but devoted much of his time to scholastic labors, and wrote in Greek an ecclesiastical history, in continuation of previous works by other authors, extending from 431 to 593, which is recognized as a high authority. The best edition is by Reading (3 vols., Cambridge, 1720). Meredith Hanmer furnished an English translation with a biography of Evagrius to Bagster's "Ecclesiastical Historians," subsequently included in Bonn's "Ecclesiastical Library " (London, 1851).