Evangelista Torricelli

Evangelista Torricelli, an Italian mathematician, born in Faenza, Oct. 15, 1608, died in Florence, Oct. 25, 1647. He received a mathematical education in a Jesuit school at Faenza, which he completed at Rome. Some tracts written by him upon the dialogues of Galileo excited the latter's attention, and he invited Torricelli to Florence, who soon became his successor in the academy as professor of mathematics. His greatest discovery is that of the barometer. (See Barometer.) He published Opera Geometrica (4to, Florence, 1644).


Evanston, a township of Cook co., Illinois, on Lake Michigan and on the Chicago and Northwestern railroad, 12 m. N. of Chicago; pop. in 1870, 3,062. It is the seat of three Methodist educational institutions, viz.: the Northwestern university, organized in 1854, and having in 1872 11 professors and instructors, 452 students, and a library of 22,000 volumes; the Garrett Biblical institute, established in 1856, which in 1872 had 6 professors, 64 students, a library of 3,000 volumes, and an endowment of $424,000; and the Evans-ton college for ladies, organized in 1871, having 12 instructors and 250 students.

Evariste San Miguel

Evariste San Miguel, duke de, a Spanish general, born in Gijon in 1780, died in Madrid, May 29, 1862. He entered the army in 1808, became a lieutenant colonel, and was elected to the cortes. After the restoration of Ferdinand VII. he edited a liberal paper. In 1820 he served under Riego in the Andalu-sian expedition, and composed the "Hymn of Riego."He was banished to Zamora in 1821, but recalled in 1822, and made minister of foreign affairs. On the French invasion in 1823 he rejoined the army, was taken prisoner and exiled, and resided in England till 1834. Under the proclamation of a general amnesty he returned, and was for ten years a member of the cortes. In 1854 he became president of the revolutionary junta of Madrid, minister of war, field marshal, and provisional president of the cortes. He wrote several works on the history of his country.


Eve (Heb. 'Havvah), in Scriptural history, the name given by Adam to his wife. It is derived from the verb 'hayoh, to live, and was applied to her as "the mother of all living." She was created to be a help meet for Adam, and was placed by God with him in Eden; but yielding to the temptation of the serpent, and tasting and leading Adam to taste the forbidden fruit, she was with him driven forth from paradise, and was doomed to sorrows and sufferings, especially in the birth of her offspring. She was the mother of Cain, Abel, and Seth; and with the birth of the last her history ceases.


Evection (Lat. evectio, a carrying out), the principal perturbation of the moon in longitudes, causing her to be alternately nearly three times her own breadth in advance of, and behind, her mean place. The fact of evection was discovered by Ptolemy, but its cause was unknown before the law of gravitation was discovered. It arises from the disturbing influence of the sun, alternately elongating the moon's orbit and reducing its eccentricity, as the end or side of the orbit is toward the sun.