See Fabius, vol. vii., p. 52.
The Fair Charles IV., the last king of the direct line of the Capetian dynasty, born in 1294, died at Vincennes, Jan. 31, 1328. The third son of Philip IV., the Fair, he succeeded his brother Philip V., the Tall, in 1322, and visited with severe punishment the Lombard money-changers for their many extortions, the judges for their prevarications, and the barons for their unlawful encroachments upon private property. He secretly aided his sister Isabella in her revolt against her husband, Edward II. of England, made a futile attempt to be elected emperor of Germany, and died leaving his third wife, Jeanne d'Evreux, pregnant. On her being delivered of a daughter, the crown went to Philip of Valois, the cousin of Charles, and the grandson of Philip III., the Bold. The Capetian direct line ended by three brothers succeeding each other: Louis X., Philip V., and Charles IV.; so did the collateral branches of Valois and Bourbon.
Fanny Beauharnais, the familiar name of Marie Anne Francoise Mouchard, comtesse de Beauharnais, a French writer, born in Paris in 1738, died there, July 2, 1813. Her father was receiver general in the province of Champagne. She was married in 1753 to Count de Beauharnais, uncle of Alexandre, but soon separated from him and took up her residence in Paris. Here she devoted herself to literary pursuits, and made her rooms the rendezvous of many of the most prominent writers of the day. Her own writings, however, met with little success. Among them are several comedies, which failed in the theatres, a historical novel, and many poems.
Fanny Corbaux, an English artist and Biblical scholar, born in 1812. When she was about 15 years of age her father suddenly became reduced to poverty, and, without having received any but the most superficial instructions in drawing, she determined to support herself and him by painting. So severe and well directed were her labors, that in the same year she received two silver medals for water-color drawings, and within the next three years another silver medal and the gold medal of the society of arts. She had been all the time her own instructor. After that she painted small pictures in oil and water colors, but has confined herself chiefly to portraits. She was one of the first to assert the right of women to obtain admission as students to the royal academy. As a Biblical scholar she has written a valuable series of letters on "The Physical Geography of the Exodus," and another entitled "The Rephaim".
Fanny Janauschek, a Bohemian tragic actress, born in Prague, July 20, 1830. Her talent was developed under the direction of Ben-edix at Cologne, and from 1848 to 1860 she was a favorite at the Frankfort theatre. Subsequently she appeared in Dresden and in other German cities. From 1867 to 1871 she performed in the United States in German, and after a visit to Germany reappeared here in 1873, performing successfully in English, and winning great applause by her tragic genius. In 1874 she went again to Germany, intending soon to return for a farewell tour.