Francesco Coghetti

Francesco Coghetti, an Italian painter, born in Bergamo, Oct. 4, 1804. He studied in that city under Diotti, and in Rome under Camuc-cini, and executed various fine altarpieces for churches in Bergamo, which led to his being employed upon paintings for the cathedral and other buildings. For the villa Torlonia at Rome he painted the exploits of Alexander the Great, and he also embellished Prince Torlo-nia's villa at Castel-Gandolfo and his palace at Rome. In his frescoes in the basilica of Savo-na and many of his oil paintings, including the "Condemnation of St. Stephen," which procured for him an order of knighthood, he has closely imitated the old masters; and he stands at the head of a new school, which strives to revive the classical style of painting.

Francesco De Vico

Francesco De Vico, an Italian astronomer, born in Macerata, May 19,1805, died in London, Nov. 15, 1848. He was educated at the college of Urbino, and became in 1835 assistant superintendent, and in 1839 director of the observatory of the Roman college. In 1848, when the Jesuits were driven from Rome, he came to the United States. He died while in Europe for the purpose of purchasing instruments for an observatory to be erected under his direction in the state of New York. His fame as an astronomer rests on his observations of the ring system of Saturn and spots of Venus, and his discovery of seven or eight comets. He was also an excellent composer of church music.

Francesco Durante

Francesco Durante, an Italian composer, born at Frattamaggiore, near Naples, about 1690, died Aug. 13, 1755. His parents were poor, and he was educated at a charity school. He was instructed in music by Scarlatti, and devoted himself to teaching and composition. In 1742, on the departure of Porpora to Germany, Durante was made master of the conservatory of Loretto. His works are 62 in number, mainly ecclesiastical. He was not fertile in melodic ideas, but his harmonies were fine in invention and pure in style. Robert Franz has given to some of this composer's works full modern orchestral accompaniment, and they have been recently revived both in Europe and in this country.

Francesco Graziani

Francesco Graziani, an Italian vocalist, born at Fermo, April 26, 1829. He became famous in Paris in 1851 as Aston in Lucia di Lammer-moor, and sustained his reputation as one of the best baritones of the day by his subsequent performances in Florence, New York, London, and St. Petersburg. - His brother Ludovico, born in August, 1823, excels as a tenor; the part of Germon in La traviata was written for him.

Francesco Mazziola

See Parmegiano.

Francesco Primaticcio

Francesco Primaticcio, an Italian painter, born in Bologna in 1490, died in Paris in 1570. He completed his studies in Mantua under Giulio Romano, whom he assisted in important works, and in 1531 went to Paris, where he was employed by Francis I. and his successors as a painter, and also as a sculptor and architect. His frescoes of " The Gods of Homer " and " The Adventures of Ulysses " were destroyed in 1728, and only those of "Alexander the Great" remain at Fontainebleau.