Francis Scott Key, an American poet, born in Frederick co., Md., Aug. 1, 1779, died in Baltimore, Jan. 11, 1843. He was educated at St. John's college, Annapolis, and commenced the practice of the law in Frederick City. Subsequently he removed to Washington, where he was for many years district attorney of the District of Columbia. As a song writer he is chiefly known by " The Star-Spangled Banner," a popular national lyric, suggested and partially written while the author was detained in the British fleet during the bombardment of Fort McHenry, near Baltimore, of which he was an anxious and interested witness. A collection of his poems was published in New York in 1857. In 1874 James Lick of San Francisco gave $150,000 for a monument to Key in that city.
Francis Willis, an English clergyman and physician, born in Lincolnshire in 1718, died at Greatford, Lincolnshire, Dec. 5, 1807. He was educated at Oxford, took orders in 1740, and was appointed to the living of Greatford, where he opened an asylum for the insane, over whom he is said to have possessed great power of fascination. In 1759 he obtained the degree of M. D. from Oxford. He had charge of George III. during his earlier attacks of insanity (as his son Dr. Robert Darling Willis had during his later ones), and received for his services a pension of £1,500 for 21 years. For curing the queen of Portugal of a similar disorder he received £20,000.
Francis Willughby, an English naturalist, born at Wollaton, Nottinghamshire, in 1635, died there, July 3, 1672. He graduated at Cambridge in 1656, and while there was the pupil of John Ray, with whom he afterward travelled through France, Spain, Italy, Germany, and the Low Countries, Ray examining the plants and Willughby the animals of each country. Ray published Willughby's "Ornithology" (fol., 1676) and "Ichthyology" (1686). They are of great value even yet for their accurate descriptions of species.
Francisco Cabral, a Portuguese missionary, born at Covilhao in 1528, died in Goa, India, April 16, 1609. At the age of 26 years he became a Jesuit, and was afterward appointed professor of philosophy and theology at Goa, and superintendent of the Jesuit schools in India. He proceeded thence to Japan, where he made many converts, and also had direction of the missions in China. Returning to Goa, he was for 38 years superior of the Roman Catholic educational establishment in that place. A series of letters from him may be found in the Literce Annum of the society of Jesuits.
Francisco De Barreto, a Portuguese governor of the Indies, died on the banks of the Zambesi river in 1574. Distinguishing himself in the army at home, he was sent to command the fortress of Bassain in India, and was appointed governor in 1555. He sent the poet Camoens into exile at Macao. By order of the Portuguese government he undertook the conquest of that ill-defined and little known portion of Africa called Monomotapa. He set out on this expedition in April, 1569, and struck the continent where the Quilimane river runs into the Mozambique channel. His ambition was to penetrate to the mines of Mas-sapa, whence the queen of Sheba was said to have drawn her treasures, and from which a nugget valued at 12,000 cruzadoes had lately excited cupidity in Portugal. In his explorations he fell a victim to the climate.