Francois De Bonnivard, a writer and politician of Geneva, born in France in 1496, died about 1571. Coming into possession of a rich priory near Geneva, he heartily espoused the cause of that republic against the designs of the duke of Savoy, and in 1530 was arrested by the agents of Savoy and imprisoned nu the dungeons of the castle of Chillon. He was restored to liberty six years later, when Chillon fell into the hands of his countrymen. He was employed from 1546 to 1552 in writing the chronicles of Geneva, from the time of the Romans to 1530. He was versed in Latin literature, theology, and history, and left several works, which have remained in manuscript He left a large collection of books to Geneva, from which has grown the public library of that city. The imprisonment of Bonnivard in the castle of Chillon forms the foundation of Byron's poem "The Prisoner of Chillon".
Francois De Malherbe, a French poet, born in Caen in 1555, died in Paris, Oct. 1G, 1628. While young he studied at Heidelberg and Basel, and afterward bore arms in the wars of the league. He acquired some reputation in 1600 by an ode on the arrival in Franco of Maria de' Medici. In 1605, having gone to Paris on business, Henry IV. sent for him, praised his talents, and provided him with the means of remaining at court. After the death of Henry IV. his widow, Maria de' Medici, settled on Malherbe a pension of 500 crowns, " in gratitude for the ode addressed to her." He was noted for his avarice, his pretended contempt of poets, his fondness for female society, his wit, and his dilettantism in language. He wrote for the most part light lyrics, odes, stanzas, epigrams, sonnets, and a few devotional pieces. The latest edition of his works is that of M. L. Lalanne (4 vols., Paris, 1865).
Francois Dollier De Casson, a French monk and explorer, born about 1620, died in Montreal, Canada, Sept. 25, 1701. He entered the army and became a captain in Turenne's cavalry. His courage was equal to his strength, which is said to have been so great that ho could hold at arm's length a man seated on each hand. Having entered the congregation of St. Sulpice, he went to Canada about 1655. In 1670 he explored Lake Erie and drew up the first map of its whole basin. He was for many years superior of the Sulpicians at Montreal, and wrote a history of that settlement, which was published by the Montreal historical society in 1869.
Francois Edonard Picot, a French painter, born in Paris in 1786, died there, March 15, 1868. He studied under Vincent, and obtained in 1813 the first great prize of the school of fine arts for his picture of " The Death of Jacob," which enabled him to spend several years in Rome. After his return to Paris he exhibited " The Death of Sapphira" and " Amor and Psyche," and several allegorical paintings for the Louvre. In 1830 he was appointed painter to the government, and executed various works at Versailles, of which the best known are his portrait of Talma and " The Entrance of the Duke of Guise into Calais." In 1836 he was elected to the academy of fine arts.