Friedrich Karl Von Savigny

Friedrich Karl Von Savigny, a German jurist, born in Frankfort, Feb. 21, 1779, died in Berlin, Oct. 25, 1861. He studied at Marburg, where he lectured on the civil law from 1801 to 1804. In 1808 he was appointed professor of law at Landshut, and in 1810 at Berlin. In 1842 he was appointed minister of justice for the revision of the law, and in 1848 retired from political life. He published Das Recht des Besitzes (1803; 7th ed., 1865; English translation, "Treatise on Possession," etc, 6th ed., 8vo, London, 1848); Geschichte des rö-mischen Rechts im Mittelalter (6 vols., 1815-'31); and System des heutigen römischen Rechts (8 vols., 1840-'49), to which Das Obligations-recht (2 vols., 1851-'3) is an appendix.

Friedrich Ludwig Schroder

Friedrich Ludwig Schroder, a German actor, born in Schwerin, Nov. 3, 1744, died in Hamburg, Sept. 3, 1816. In his childhood he performed in the strolling company of his parents, and before the age of 30 he had became one of the greatest German tragedians. In 1771 he assumed the management of the theatre at Hamburg, and wrote plays, besides translating several of Shakespeare's, which he was the first to introduce upon the German stage. His Dramatische Werke were edited by Büllow, with an introduction by Tieck. His life was written by F. L. W. Meyer (2 vols., Hamburg, 1810), and by Brunier (Leipsic, 1864).

Friedrich Maximilian Von Klinger

Friedrich Maximilian Von Klinger, a German poet, born in Frankfort, Feb. 19, 1753, died in St. Petersburg, Feb. 25, 1831. He was educated at Giessen, began to write for the stage at Weimar and Leipsic, was sub-lieutenant in the volunteer corps of Walter in the war of the Bavarian succession, and went from Weimar to St. Petersburg in 1780, where under Catharine II. he became colonel, under Paul major general and director of the corps of cadets, and under Alexander in 1811 lieutenant general. He was in active service nearly 40 years. He was the most conspicuous representative of that excited period of German literature called the "storm and pressure period," which in fact took its name from his drama Sturm und Drang (1775). An edition of his select works was published at Stuttgart (12 vols., 1842).

Friedrich Mohs

Friedrich Mohs, a German mineralo-jst born at Gernrode. Anhalt. .Ian. 29, 1773, died at Agordo, Venetia, Sept. 29, 1839. He was pro-fessor at Gratzfrom 1811 to 1817, when, after accompanying his pupil Count Brenner to England and Seotland, he succeeded Werner as professor of mineralogy at Freiberg, and in 1826 became professor at Vienna. Ho originated a new system of classification for minerals, which in the grouping of species regarded only their external characteristics. His principal works are Grundriss der Mineralo-gie (2 vols., Dresden, 1822-4; English translation with additions by Ilaidinger, 3 vols., Edinburgh, 1825), and Anfangsgr ancle der Na-turgeschichte des Mineralreichs (Vienna, 1832; 2d enlarged ed. by Zippe, 2 vols., 1836-'9).