Friedrieh Konrad Hornemann

Friedrieh Konrad Hornemann, a German traveller, born in Hildesheim in October, 1772, and last heard from April 7, 1800. He studied theology at Gottingen, and became a teacher in Hanover. Under the auspices of the African society of London he went to Egypt in 1797, and after various vicissitudes reached Moorzook, when he and his companion Freu-denburg were taken ill, and the latter died. Immediately after his recovery he proceeded to Tripoli, whence he forwarded the itinerary of his journey to his friends in Europe. Re-turning to Moorzook, he joined a caravan for the interior, after which all traces of him were lost. Konig published at Weimar in 1802 Hor-nemann's Tagebuch einer Reise von Cairo nach Murzuck) an English translation appearing at the same time in London. It was translated into French by Griffet de la Baume, with additions on the geography and the oases of Africa (2 vols., Paris, 1803).

Friedrieh Michelis

Friedrieh Michelis, a German theologian, born in Mlinster, July 27, 1815. He was ordained as a priest at Mlinster, became a private tutor, and held various positions till 1864, when he was appointed professor of philosophy at the lyceum of Braunsberg. In his writings he attempts to reconcile the teachings of Plato and those of modern science with the doctrines of the church of Rome, and in 1866-'7 he was prominent in the Prussian chamber as an opponent of Bismarck's ecclesiastical policy. But he opposed the influence of the Jesuits and the dogma of papal infallibility in several pamphlets (1869-'70), which led to his excommunication. His principal work is Die Philosophic Platons in ihrer innern Beziehung zur geoffenbarten Wahrhcit (2d part, Minister, 1859-'60); his latest is Der Organismus und die Kirche (Bern, 1874). He has written much against Darwin's theories. For some time lie has been editor of Der Katholik, an organ especially directed against the Jesuits.

Friedrleh Emanuel Von Hurter

Friedrleh Emanuel Von Hu'Rter, a Swiss historian, born in Schaffhausen, March 19, 1787, died in Gratz, Aug. 27, 1865. He studied theology at Gottingen, and was gradually promoted to high ecclesiastical offices; but he was opposed on account of his high-church views, and his Geschichte Papst Innocenz III. und seiner Zeitgenossen (4 vols., Hamburg, 1834-'42) resulted in 1841 in his withdrawal from the church over which he presided in Schaffhausen, and he joined the church of Rome in 1844. In 1846 he was appointed historiographer of the emperor of Austria, who ennobled him. Among his later publications is Geschichte des Kaisers Ferdinand II. und seiner Aeltern (11 vols., Schaffhausen, 1850-64).

Friedrleh Von Matth1sson

Friedrleh Von Matth1sson, a German lyric poet, born near Magdeburg, Jan. 23,1761, died near Dessau, March 12, 1831. Having developed considerable talents as a poet, and gained great popularity, he was patronized by various German princes, but retired from court life in 1824. His "Elegy in the Paiins of an Old Castle" is one of his finest lyrics. He edited selections from the lyric poets of Germany under the title of Lyrische Anthologie (20 vols., Zurich, 1803-'7). His Erinnerungen and ScJiriften were published at Zurich (5 vols., 1810-'16, and 8 vols., 1825-'31), and his posthumous works at Berlin (4 vols., 1832).