Ginscppc Tartini, an Italian violinist, born at Pirano, Istria, in 1692, died in Padua in 1770. He gave up law and theology, acquired unrivalled proficiency as a violinist, eloped with one of his pupils, and lived for two years concealed in the convent of Assisi. There he diligently studied music, and being at length forgiven, came out of the convent the best player in Europe. Among his celebrated pupils were Pagin, La Houssaye, and Pugnani. His most remarkable composition is his Sonate du diable, or " Tartini's Dream".
Ginseppe Castiglione, an Italian artist and missionary, born in 1698, died in Peking in 1768. He was thoroughly instructed in the art of painting, but joining the order of the Jesuits, Peking was assigned as the field of his labors, and there he x>assed the greater part of his life, in favor with several successive emperors. He made his art an accessory to his religious labors, and the emperor Kien-Long erected several palaces from designs furnished by him. He is said to have frequently exerted his influence to protect Christians from persecution.
Gioachino Pepoli, marquis, an Italian statesman, born in Bologna, Nov. 6, 1825. He is a grandson of Murat and of Caroline Bonaparte, and married a princess of Hohenzollern-Sig-maringen. He urged Pius IX. to political reforms in 1846, and defended Bologna in 1848 against the Austrians. In 1859 he was at the head of the provisional government in the Ro-magna, and subsequently he became minister of finance and foreign affairs. In 1862 he was minister of agriculture and commerce, and afterward ambassador in St. Petersburg. His relationship with the Bonapartes enabled him to conclude, Sept. 15, 1864, the convention with Napoleon III. which stipulated the removal of the Italian capital from Turin to Florence, and the discontinuance of the French occupation of Rome. He has published several volumes of prose writings and of plays. His brother married the singer Alboni.
Giorgio Barbarelli. See Giorgione.
Giovanni Angelo Canini, an Italian painter and engraver, born in Rome about 1620, died in 1666. He was a pupil of Domenichino, and his martyrdom of St. Stephen and of St. Bartholomew are two admirable altarpieces in the church of St. Martin, Rome.
Giovanni Antonio Amadeo De Plana, baron, an Italian astronomer, born in Voghera, Piedmont, Nov. 8, 1781, died in Turin, Jan. 20, 1864. He studied at the polytechnic school in Paris, and was professor of mathematics in the school of artillery at Alessandria from 1803 to 1811, when, at the instance of his uncle Lagrange, he was appointed professor of astronomy at the university of Turin, and in 1813 he became director of the new observatory in that city. He was made baron, senator, president of the academy of sciences, and associate member of the French academy, and Oriani bequeathed him 50,000 francs. In 1810 appeared his treatise Sulla teoria dell' attrazione degli sferoidi ellittici. The most celebrated of his numerous subsequent works, published partly in Italian and partly in French, is Theorie du moumment de la lune (3 vols., Turin, 1832).