Giovanni Battista Corniani, count, an Italian author, born at Orzi Nuovi in 1742, died in Brescia in 1813. He was president of the academy of Brescia, held high judicial offices in that city, and from 1807 in his native town, was one of the authors of the Italian civil code, and a delegate to the provincial congress at Milan. He wrote opera texts and tragedies; but his principal work is I secoli della letteratura ita-liana dopo il suo risorgimento (9 vols., Brescia, 1804-'13; 8 vols., Turin, 1854-'6).
Giovanni Battista De' Rossi, an Italian archaeologist, born in Rome, Feb. 23, 1822. He became celebrated by his discoveries in the catacombs, an account of which he is publishing in two works. The first is to be a complete collection of all the Christian inscriptions, amounting to more than 11,000, of which a folio volume, containing 1,374, appeared in 1861, entitled Inscriptiones Christian Urbis Romoe sep-timo Soeeculo antiquiores; the other is a general work called Roma sotteranea cristiana, of which vol. i. appeared in 1866. He is also editor of the Bollettino di Archeologia.
Giovanni Battista Guarini, an Italian poet. born in Ferrara, Dec. 10, 1537, died in Venice. Oct. 4, 1012. Having become at an early age a professor at Ferrara, and for some time lectured on the ethics of Aristotle, he entered the service of Alfonso II. of Ferrara, and was intrusted with diplomatic missions to Venice, Savoy, the pope, the emperor, and Poland. He also served Ferdinand I. of Tuscany and the city of Ferrara. His best product ions are his comedy L'Idropiea, his dialogue Il segreta-rio, his Rime and Lettere, but particularly the drama 11 pastor fido, which passed through 40 editions in his lifetime, has been translated into nearly all European languages, and found many imitators, although itself an imitation of Tasso's Aminta. An incomplete edition of his works appeared at Verona in 1737-8 (4 vols. 4to); his Trattato della politico, liberta was first printed at Venice in 1818, with his life by Ruggieri.
Giovanni Battista Morgagm, an Italian anatomist, born in Forli, Feb. 25, 1682, died in Padua, Dec. 6, 1771. He took his degree of M. D. at Bologna, in 1711 became professor of the theory of physic at Padua, and in 1715 professor of anatomy. He is regarded as the founder of pathological anatomy. His works include Adversaria Anatomica (3 vols. 4to, Bologna and Padua, 1706-' 19), enlarged and published under the title of Adversaria Omnia (6 vols., Padua, 1741); and De Sedibus et Causis Morborum per Anatomen Indagatis (2 vols, fob, 1761; 6 vols., Leipsic, 1827), translated into various languages.
Giovanni Battista Niccolini, an Italian poet, horn at San Giuliano, near Pisa, Oct. 31, 1785, died in Florence, Sept. 20, 1861. He studied at the university of Pisa, and in 1807 was made librarian and professor of history and mythology in the academy of fine arts in Florence. His dramatic works are Polissena, Ino e Temisto, Medea, Edipo, Matilda, Nabucco, and Antonio Foscarini. His "Lessons on Mythology" was published in 1855. He left an unfinished "History of the House of Swa-bia" and a large number of poems. An edition of his works was published in Florence in 1847, but did not include two of his most celebrated plays, ArnaJdo da Brescia and Fi-lippo Strozzi. The publication of a new edition was commenced at Turin in 1862.