See Giulio Romano.
Giuseppe Cades, an Italian painter, born at Rome in 1750, died there in 1800. He acquired such skill in copying the works of the old masters that his imitations could hardly be distinguished from the originals; but he never produced any notable works of his own.
Giuseppe Cambini, an Italian composer, born in Leghorn, Feb. 13, 1746, died in the almshouse at Bicetre about 1832. He studied under Martini at Bologna, and at Vienna under Haydn, and in 1770 settled in Paris. His life was very irregular, and he finally became a pauper. He composed over 60 symphonies, besides innumerable concertos, oratorios, and pieces of instrumental music. Those adapted for the violin were the most successful.
Giuseppe Capece-Latro, an Italian prelate and statesman, born in Naples, Sept. 23, 1744, died Nov. 2, 1836. When very young he was appointed to the archbishopric of Tarento, which gave him the rank of primate of the kingdom of Naples. He opposed many claims of the papal see, and wrote against the enforced celibacy of the clergy. When the revolution of 1799 broke out, he accepted a public office; and upon the restoration of the Bourbons he was thrown into prison, from which he was soon liberated. During the government of Joseph Bonaparte in Naples he was minister of the interior, and continued in that position under Joachim Murat. After the fall of Murat he lost his archbishopric, and withdrew from public affairs. His last work was a eulogy of Frederick the Great.
Giuseppe Ceracchi, an Italian sculptor, born in Corsica about 1700, executed in Paris, Jan. 30, 1801. He took an active part in the establishment of the ephemeral republic of Corsica in 1798, and in 1799 sought refuge in Paris, where he joined a band of republican artists, who cherished a violent hatred against Napoleon, and at length made an attempt upon his life. The murder was to be committed Oct. 10, 1800, at the opera; but the conspirators were betrayed by one of their number, their weapons seized, and Ceracchi with his associates Diana, Arena, Topino-Lebrun, and Demerville arrested, tried, condemned, and all but Diana executed.
Giuseppe Cesare, cavaliere di, an Italian historian, born in Naples in 1783, died there, April 15, 1850. He was at the head of the custom house of his native city till 1827, when he was dismissed. When the constitutional party came into power in 1848, he was appointed governor of the province of Terra di Bari, but tendered his resignation as soon as absolutism was again triumphant. He subsequently wrote Arrigo di AUbate and Lettere romane, historical novels. But his most important production is his Storia di Manfredi, re di Sicilia e di Puglia (1837), which clears Manfred's memory from the imputations of previous writers. For several years he edited a periodical entitled Il Progresso, and he is the author of a history of the Lombard league.