Gnillaome Victor Emile Augier, a French playwright, born in Valence, Sept. 17, 1820.
He produced his first play, La cigue, in 1844. His comedy Gabrielle (1849) placed him at the head of the so-called common-sense school of dramatists. Many of his subsequent comedies were of a lower tone, but more brilliant. Among the most successful are: Le gehdre de M. Poirier (jointly with M. Sardou, 1855), Le mariage d' Olympe (1855), Les effrontes [1861), and Maitre Guerin (1864). He suc-jeeded Salvandy as member of the French academy, Jan. 2, 1858.
Gnlf Of Cutch, an arm of the Arabian sea, running E. N. E. between Cutch and the peninsula of Catty war (Guzerat), 110 m. long, and 25 m. wide at the entrance. It has often been described as very dangerous to navigation, but though full of eddies it is tolerably free from rocks, and there seems to be no reason for regarding it as peculiarly perilous.
Gnstav Weil, a German orientalist of Jewish parentage, born at Sulzburg, Baden, April 24, 1808. After studying Hebrew theology he devoted himself to oriental literature, and in 1830 went to Cairo, where he remained five years, studying under Arabian, Persian, and Turkish teachers. In 1845 he became extraordinary and in 1861 ordinary professor of oriental languages at Heidelberg. He has published a new translation of the Arabian Nights (4 vols., Stuttgart, 1837-'41; 2d ed., 1806); Die poetische Literatur der Araber (1837); Mohammed der Prophet (1843); Historisch-kritische Einleitung in den Koran (Bielefeld, 1844); Geschichte der Khalifen (5 vols., Mannheim, 1846-62); Das Leben Mohammed's nach Mohammed ion Ischak bearbeitet von Abd el-Malik ibn Hiseham (2 vols., Stuttgart, 1864); and Geschichte der islamitischen Völker von Mohammed bis zur Zeit des Sultans Selim (1866).
Goalpara, Or N. E. Rungpoor a district of Bengal, British India, bounded N. by the native state of Bootan, E. by the district of Cam-roop, S. by Mymunsing and the territory of the Garrow tribes, and TV. by Rungpoor and Cooch Behar; area, 4,433 sq. m.; pop. in 1872, 442,761. It produces cotton, tobacco, sugar, and mustard. Though belonging properly to Bengal, of which it formed a part on the acquisition of that territory by the British in 1765, it is often regarded as a district of Assam, with which country it is naturally connected by similarity of climate, soil, etc. - The town of the same name, on the Brahmapootra, 280 m. N. E. of Calcutta, is the chief trading place of the region.
Goby , a spiny-rayed fish, of the genus gobius (Linn.), found on the rocky and sandy coasts of the old world. The black goby (G. niger, Linn.), the largest on the British coasts, is about 6 in. long; it has two dorsal fins, and the ven-trals are united below the throat into a sucking disk by which it can attach itself to the rocks, to which it retires to devour its living prey. Gobies, like the allied blennies, are very tenacious of life, and will live a considerable time out of the water. It was known to the ancients that the goby of the Mediterranean built in the spring a nest, well made of seaweeds, in which the female deposited her eggs, guarded by the male until they were hatched; other species make a similar nest. Gobies are sometimes found in very deep water.
Goby (Gobius niger).