Golding Bird, an English physician and author, born in Norfolk in 1815, died at Tun-bridge Wells in October, 1854. He early received a prize from the apothecaries' company for his proficiency in botany, and in his 22d year he became lecturer on natural philosophy, and subsequently also on materia medica, at Guy's hospital, London. He had besides an extensive medical practice. His "Elements of Natural Philosophy, being an Experimental Introduction to the Physical Sciences " (in concert with C. Worth, London, 2d ed., 1844), is a standard work of great popularity in England and in the United States. His other publications are: "Lectures on Electricity and Galvanism in their Physiological and Therapeutical Relations " (revised and enlarged ed., 1847), and "Urinary Deposits " (5th ed., by E. L. Birkett, 1857). See "Biographical Sketches of the late Dr. Golding Bird," by John Hutton Balfour (London, 18553.
Goldthread ,.See Coptis.
Golf , (Dutch, kolf, a club), a Scottish game played with ball and club. The players number one or more on each side, and each is provided with a separate ball. The most skilful player is he who can land his ball in a given series of holes with the fewest strokes of his club. To place the ball in a proper position for striking off is called "teeing," and the plot on which the game is played is termed the "putting ground." The balls now used are generally made of gutta percha. The game is of very ancient date in Scotland, since there exist statutes as early as 1457 prohibiting it, lest it should interfere with archery.
Golgotha ,.See Calvary.
Goliad , a S. W. county of Texas, intersected by the San Antonio river; area, 900 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 3,628, of whom 876 were colored. The surface is generally level, and the soil deep and rich. The bottom lands are particularly fertile. Stock raising is one of the chief occupations. The San Antonio and Mexican Gulf railroad passes through the N. E. part. Ara-nama college, a Presbyterian institution, is at the county seat. The chief productions in 1870 were 37,640 bushels of Indian corn, and 92 bales of cotton. There were 794 horses, 917 milch cows, 5,057 other cattle, 4,853 sheep, and 1,698 swine. Capital, Goliad.
Gollnow , a town of Prussia, in the province of Pomerania, on the Ihna. 14 m. N. E. of Stettin; pop. in 1871, 7,273. It has two churches, copper works, and manufactories of ribbon and paper. It was formerly a Hanse town.
Gombo ,.See Gumbo.
Gomer , the first named and probably the eldest of the seven sons of Japheth (Gen. x. 2, 3). In Ezek. xxxviii. 6, Gomer designates a people who are named in connection with Gog and Magog, apparently belonging to the Scythian family. This people is identified with the ancient Cimmerii, and by some also with the Cimbri and the more modern Celts. The latter view finds an early support in Josephus, who renders Gomer by Galatai, that is, Gauls or Celts. (See Cimbri, and Cimmerii.)