Grand Traverse , a N. W. county of the S. peninsula of Michigan, bounded N. E. by Grand Traverse bay; area, about 500 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 4,443. It is drained by Grand Traverse river, which enters the bay of the same name. The surface is undulating and dotted over with a great number of small lakes. The chief productions in 1870 were 31,157 bushels of wheat, 26,708 of Indian corn, 15,218 of oats, 94,174 of potatoes, and 3,544 tons of hay. There were 2 flour and 9 saw mills. Capital, Grand Traverse City.
Granicus , (now Khodja Tchai), in ancient geography, a small river of Asia Minor, rising X. W. of Mt. Ida, and emptying into the Pro-pontis after a N. E. course of 50 or 60 m. It is famous as the scene of the first decisive victory of Alexander the Great over the Persians, 334 B. C.
Granson, Or Grandson a town of Switzerland, in the canton of Vaud, on the lake of Neufchatel, near its S. W. extremity; pop. about 1,500. It is chiefly memorable for the victory achieved near it, March 3, 1476, by the Swiss over Charles the Bold of Burgundy. (See Charles the Bold.)
Grantille Pem, an English author, born in Philadelphia, Pa., Dec. 9, 1761, died at Stoke Park, Buckinghamshire, Sept. 28, 1844. He was the grandson of William Penn, served for a time as clerk in the British war office, and.in 1834 came into possession of the family estates. He wrote " Critical Eemarks on Isaiah vii. 18 " (1799); "Remarks on the Eastern Origination of Mankind, and of the Arts of Cultivated Life" (1799); "A Comparative Estimate of the Mineral and Mosaic Genealogies " (1822); " Memorials of the Professional Life and Times of Admiral Sir William Penn " (2 vols., 1833); and many other works, the most important being a translation of the New Testament with annotations, entitled "The Book of the New Covenant" (3 vols., London, 1836-'8).
Grape Shot , formerly small shot put into a canvas bag, which was corded into cylindrical form to fit the piece of ordnance from which it was to be fired. This was superseded by canister shot, in which the balls are confined in a canister of iron plate. The term grape shot is now applied to an assemblage of iron shot fast-ened around a metallic spindle, giving the appearance of a bunch of grapes. The shots fly asunder as they leave the gun, and are very destructive at short distances.
Sec Ramie. Grasse, La, A Town Of S. E. Trance, in the department of Alpes-Maritimes, 18 m. W. of Nice; pop. in 18GG, 12,241. It was formerly the seat of a bishop, has a Gothic cathedral, a college, a public library, and large manufactories of essences and perfumes, soap, and silk goods. In the vicinity are quarries of marble and alabaster, and extensive olive groves.
Gratiot , a central county of the S. peninsula of Michigan, drained by Pine and Maple rivers; area, 576 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 11,810. It has an undulating surface and a productive soil, partially covered with pine timber. The chief productions in 1870 were 127,111 bushels of wheat, 81,655 of Indian corn, 64,923 of oats, 95,354 of potatoes, 300,436 lbs. of butter, 44,-903 of wool, and 13,297 tons of hay. There were 2,072 horses, 3,288 milch cows, 4,748 other cattle, 11,536 sheep, and 4,890 swine; 4 flour mills, and 13 saw mills. Capital, Ithaca.