Greenbush , a town of Rensselaer co., New I York, on the E. bank of the Hudson, opposite Albany, with which it is connected by two bridges; pop. in 1870, 6,202. It is the S. terminus of the Troy and Greenbush railroad, and is intersected by the Boston and Albany and the Hudson River lines. The depot of the latter is at a point locally known as East Albany. The town contains two saw mills, flour mills, a blast furnace, etc. It was incorporated in 1705, and in 1855 East Greenbush and North Greenbush were separated from it.
Greensboro , a town and the capital of Hale co., Alabama, 80 m. W. by N. of Montgomery; pop. in 1870, 1,760, of whom 972 were colored. It is surrounded by large cotton plantations, has a flourishing trade, and contains a court house, a jail, two banks, and several churches, and has a weekly newspaper. It is the seat of the Southern university (Methodist), which in 1872 had 13 professors and instructors, 120 students, and a library of 10,000 volumes.
Greenstone , a trappean rock of granular texture, either crystalline or compact, composed of hornblende and orthoclase, or augite with either orthoclase or albite. When albite replaces orthoclase, the rock is called diorite. Its greenish color is due to minute quantities of chromium compounds. It is called trap when in columnar form. Basalt is essentially the same rock. Being of irregular fracture, too hard to cut, and lacking uniform grain, it is unfit for use in building except of rough walls. (See Basalt, and Trap.)
Greenup , a N. E. county of Kentucky, bordering on the Ohio river; area 480 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 11,463, of whom 401 were colored. It is hilly and well timbered, has a fertile soil, and abounds in coal and iron. The chief productions in 1870 wore 29,842 bushels of wheat, 104,050 of Indian corn, 20,804 of oats. 9,498 of potatoes, and 1,008 tons of hay. There were 747 horses, 533 milch cows, 1.024 other cattle, 2,080 sheep, and 2,834 swine; 7 blast furnaces, 3 tanneries, 1 currying establishment, 2 lime kilns, 3 saw mills, and 1 railroad repair shop. Capital, Greenupsborg.
Greenwood ,.I. A S. E. county of Kansas, intersected by Verdigris and Fall rivers; area, 1,155 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 3,484. The surface is undulating and the soil fertile. The chief productions in 1870 were 35,449 bushels of wheat, 173,590 of Indian corn, 24,492 of oats, 14,774 of potatoes, and 10,485 tons of hay. There were 1,638 horses, 2,323 milch cows, 5,427 other cattle, 3,575 sheep, 1,890 swine, and 5 saw mills. Capital, Eureka. II. An E. county of Colorado, bordering on Kansas; area, about 4,000 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 510. It has since been absorbed by Kent and Elbert counties. It was intersected by Big Sandy creek, a branch of the Arkansas, and watered in the E. part by the head streams of Smoky Hill river. Irrigation is necessary. Buffalo grass and cactus abound. The Kansas Pacific railroad traverses the region. Capital, Kit Carson.