Guancabelica ,.See Huancavelica.


Guano , a town of Ecuador, in the province of Chimborazo, about 100 m. S. W, of Quito; pop. about 9,000. It contains many fine houses, a handsome church, and manufactories of woollen stuffs, carpets, blankets, sulphuric acid, etc. Cinchona bark is exported.


See Rio Grande.


Guaranis ,.See Tupi-Guaranis.


Guaratingueta , a town of Brazil, in the province of Sao Paulo, on the right bank of the Rio Parahyba, 120 m. W. of Rio de Janeiro; pop. about 7,600. The streets are regular, but narrow, and the houses built of adobe. It has a church and three chapels; one of the latter, outside the town, is visited by numbers of pilgrims. The surrounding country is fertile, and sugar, coffee, and tobacco are cultivated, and, with fat cattle and swine, are sent in considerable quantities to Rio de Janeiro and to Sao Paulo.


Guaxaca ,.See Oajaca.


Guayas , a maritime province of Ecuador, bordering on the Pacific and Peru, and on the provinces of Manabi, Asuay, Los Rios, and Loja; pop. about 37,000. It is drained by four or live rivers, of which only the Guayaquil is navigable to any considerable distance from the sea. The soil is extremely fertile; rice, cacao, cotton, tobacco, and tropical fruits are largely produced. The northern portions are marshy; in the southwest are vast forests affording the finest species of American precious woods and excellent building timber. The climate is excessively hot, and rain falls almost incessantly from December to May. Fevers prevail.


Guayana ,.See Guiana, and Venezuela.


Guayape , a river of Honduras, an affluent of the Patuca, in the department of Olancho.

This river has been celebrated from the earliest period for its rich gold washings, which are worked by the natives in a rude manner. All the streams in Olancho carry gold in their sands, but none have an equal celebrity in this respect with the Gnayape.


Guaymas , a town of Mexico, in the state of Sonora, on Yaqui bay, gulf of California, in lat. 28° N., Ion. 110° 50' W.; pop. about 3.000. It is surrounded by hills, and is hot and unhealthy. Most of the streets are narrow and dirty, and there are no buildings worthy of note. The port is commodious, has excellent anchorage, and is frequented by many vessels. Its foreign trade is large, as it is the port of entry for the states of Sonora and Chihuahua. The chief exports are wheat, flour, and hides. The Indians carry on a profitable fishery in the bay.


Guben , a town of Prussia, in the province of Brandenburg, at the junction of the Neisse and the Lubst, 25 m. S. by E. of Frankfort-on-the Oder; pop. in 1871, 21,423. It contains several churches and a gymnasium; has exter. sive manufactories of cloth and tobacco, and an active trade, especially in red wines, produced on the adjoining Neisse hills. The Hussites devastated the place in 1434 and 1437, and the Swedes occupied it in 1631 and 1642.