Gujerat ,.See Guzerat.
Gulf Of (Fr Lyons. golfe du Lion; anc. Gal-licus Sinus, also Mare Gallicum), a gulf of the Mediterranean, on the S. E. coast of France, between a range of the Pyrenees on the west and a headland near Toulon on the east, washing the shores of the departments of Var, Bouches-du-Rhone, Gard, Herault, Aude, Pyrenees-Orien-tales, and the N. E. coast of Catalonia in Spain. It extends from the isles of Hyeres to Cape Creux for about 165 m., with a breadth of nearly 100 m. The Rhone, Herault, Aude, and some other rivers flow into the gulf. The principal places on its coast line are Marseilles, Toulon, and Cette. The shores are in many parts intersected by extensive lagoons and low islands, and the gulf is frequently subjected to violent gales. It is said to have been named from the lion, in consequence of its fury.
Gulf Of Cabes (anc. Syrtis Minor), an inlet of the Mediterranean, on the E. coast of Tunis, in Africa. The towns of Cabes, or Khabs, and Sfax, or Sfakus, are situated on its shores. (See Syrtis).
Gulf Of California (Span. Mar Bermejo, Red sea), a gulf of the Pacific, separating the peninsula of Lower California, on the west, from the Mexican states of Sonora and Cina-loa, on the east. It is about 700 m. long, and from 70 to 150 m. wide. Its coasts are indented with many small bays, and numerous islands stud its surface. The Colorado river discharges its waters into the upper extremity of the gulf, and several streams empty into it from the east. The ports of Loreto, La Paz, and Guaymas are situated on its shores. The N. portion is full of shoals, hidden rocks, and dangerous currents; the S. portion is safer for navigation. The California coast abounds in pearl oysters, and the fishery, now little pursued, was formerly very important.
Gulf Of Carpentaria, the largest bay of Australia, deeply indenting the northern coast, between lat. 10° 40' and 17° 30' S., and lon. 137° and 142° E. No settlement has yet been made on its coast. The name is derived from Peter Carpenter, who from 1623 to 1627 was governor general of the Dutch possessions in the East Indies.
Gulf Of Darien, a portion of the Caribbean sea, on the N. coast of Colombia, bounded W. by the isthmus of Darien or Panama. It is about 70 m. long from N. to S. and 25 m. from E. to W. Its shores are steep, generally inaccessible from shoals, and in some parts the anchorage is unsafe. It terminates at the south in the bay of Choco, which receives the river Atrato.
Gulf Of Guinea, that part of the Atlantic which washes the shores of Upper Guinea between Capes Palmas and Lopez, including the bights of Benin and Biafra. It receives the rivers Assinie, Tenda, Bossum Prah, Volta, Quorra or Niger, Old Calabar, Cameroons, Quaqua, Gaboon, and many smaller streams, and contains Fernando Po, Prince, and St. Thomas islands. It has two currents, one setting eastward from Cape Palmas and the other coming from the south; they meet in the bight of Biafra and unite in one gradually expanding stream, which flows thence N. W., W., and S. W.