Gunduk , a river of Hindostan, which rises N. of the Himalaya mountains, and flows through that chain in a S. E. direction to Hajeepoor, where it falls into the Ganges, in lat. 25° 39' N., Ion. 85° 16' E. Its course is estimated at 400 m. The scenery where it emerges from the Himalaya range is magnificent. In the upper part of its course it is called Salgrami, from a singular species of stones found in its channel; they are mostly round, and are generally perforated in one or more places.
Gundwana ,.See Gonds.
Gunnel ,.See Blenny.
Gunning S Bedford., an American physician, born in Baltimore in 1806, died in New York, Sept. 5, 1870. He graduated at the Rutgers medical college in 1829, and afterward spent two years in professional study in Europe. In 1833 he was appointed professor in the medical college of Charleston, and subsequently in the medical college of Albany, N. Y. Soon afterward he commenced practice in the city of New York, and on the establishment of the medical department of the New York university (1840) he was created professor of obstetrics, in which chair he continued till 1862. His two principal works, which have been remarkably popular, are "The Principles and Practice of Obstetrics," and " The Diseases of Women and Children," the latter of which has passed through ten editions. They have been translated into French and German.
Guryev, Or Guriev a town of Russia, in the government and 188 m. E. N. E. of the city of Astrakhan, capital of a circle of the same name, on an island of the Ural, not far from ! the Caspian sea; pop. in 1867, 16,462. It has a jail, a river port, manufactories of cotton and linen, distilleries, and fisheries. The inhabitants are mostly Cossacks of the Ural.
Gustaf Filip Creutz, count, a Swedish poet and diplomatist, born in Finland about 1726, died in 1785. While Swedish ambassador to Paris, he concluded, April 3, 1783, a commercial treaty with Benjamin Franklin, as representative of the United States. On his return to Stockholm he was appointed minister of foreign affairs and chancellor of the university of Upsal. Gustavus III. purchased his library, which is now in the palace of Haga; and on April 26, 1786, the king in person pronounced his eulogy before a chapter of the Swedish order of the seraphim, of which Creutz was a member. His poems were published in 1795, including Atis og Camilla, a pastoral epic.
Gustaf Horn, count, a Swedish general, born in Upland, Oct. 23, 1592, died at Skara, May 16, 1657. He studied in Rostock, Jena, and Tubingen, served for a time in Holland under Prince Maurice, was afterward employed in the Swedish diplomatic service, and became senator in 1624. Receiving a command in the army of Gustavus Adolphus, he conquered Dorpat in 1625 and Kolberg in 1630, and commanded the left wing at the battle of Leipsic in 1631. He subsequently fought in the battles on the Lech and at Lutzen (1632). After the death of Gustavus Adolphus, who called him his right arm, he joined the duke of Weimar. He was made a prisoner in the battle of Nordlingen (1634), which was fought against his advice, and remained in captivity seven years. Obtaining his freedom by exchange for three other generals, in 1642, he fought against the Danes in Scania, was made minister of war in 1652, and died as field marshal and governor of Livonia and Scania.