Hadji , an Arabic word signifying pilgrim, had) being the term used by Mohammedans for the sacred pilgrimage to Mecca. A certain part of the ceremony which takes place at Mecca on the arrival of the pilgrims is also called hadj. The Mohammedan theologians define the original meaning of hadj to be "aspiration," and they consider it expressive of the sentiment that man is but a wayfarer on earth travelling toward another and a better world. Every Mohammedan is bound once in his life to visit the holy city Mecca, and a Mohammedan who has made the pilgrimage afterward bears the title Hadji prefixed to his name; as Hadji Ibrahim, Hadji Mohammed.

Hadrumetum, Or Adrumetum

Hadrumetum, Or Adrumetum an ancient city in northern Africa, on the seacoast, in the si-mis Neapolitanus (gulf of Hammamet). It was founded by the Phoenicians, and became one of the chief ports for the corn-producing province of Byzacena, of which it was the capital under the Romans. It figured in the Punic and civil wars, was devastated by the Vandals, and was restored by Justinian under the name of Justinianopolis. Its remains are identified at the modern Susa, 70 m. S. S. E. of Tunis.


Haff , (Dan. Ham, sea), a word used in connection with adjectives to designate three large lagoon-like estuaries on the S. shore of the Baltic, communicating with it by one or more narrow passages. They are all in Prussia, and are called Kurisches Haff, Frisches Half, and Stettiner or Pommersehes Haff.

Hag Fish

Hag Fish ,.See Myxinoids.


Hagar , an Egyptian servant belonging to Sarah, who, being childless, gave her to her husband Abraham, that by her as a substitute she might be blessed with children. Her descendants are called in the Bible Hagarites or Hagarenes, from herself, and Ishmaelites, from her son Ishmael. The Arabs, who claim descent from her son, regard her with veneration, and speak of her as Abraham's lawful wife.


Hagen , a town of Prussia, in the province of Westphalia, on the Volme and Empe, and on the Dortmund and Dusseldorf railway, 24 m. W. of Arnsberg; pop. in 1871, 13,445. It has two Catholic churches, a Protestant church, a synagogue, a chamber of commerce, and a trade school. Iron and steel ware, tobacco, paper, and cloth are manufactured. There are also wire-drawing and copper-rolling works.


Haggai , the tenth of the minor prophets, and first of those who prophesied after the captivity, supposed to have been born at Babylon, and to have come back from there with Zerubbabel, although one expression (ii. 3) has been thought to imply that he had seen the first temple. Nothing is known as to his death, though Epiphanius tells us he was buried at Jerusalem among the priests; if so, he must have been of the family of Aaron. He is mentioned in the Apocrypha as Aggeus. The prophecy of Haggai was delivered about 520 B. (1, after the return of the Jews to their own land. It is chiefly occupied with keen reproofs and affecting exhortations respecting the building of the second temple.