Haldimand , a S. county of Ontario, Canada, bordering on Lake Erie near its E. end; area, 475 sq. m.; pop. in 1871, 24,851, of whom 7,792 were of English, 6,991 of Irish, 4,708 of German, and 3,078 of Scotch origin or descent. It is drained by Grand river, and is traversed by the Grand Trunk, the Great Western, Canada Southern, and Hamilton and Lake Erie railways. Capital, Cayuga.
Halicore ,.See Dugong.
Halim Pasha ,.See Abd-el-Halim.
Haliotide ,.See Ear Shell.
Hall, Or Schwabisch-Hall a town of Wurtem-berg, 34 m. N. E. of Stuttgart, on both sides of the Kocher; pop. in 1871, 7,793. It has a fine town hall, two public libraries, an ancient mint, a large number of sugar refineries, and a large trade in salt made in the neighborhood. It was formerly a free imperial city.
Hallein , a town of Austria, in the duchy of Salzburg, near the Bavarian frontier, on the Salzach, 9 m. S. of Salzburg; pop. about 3,000. The neighboring mountains are rich in salt mines, of which there is here a government inspection. There are 17 entrances to the mines, which are very extensive, reaching some distance beyond the Bavarian frontier, the right of working them being guaranteed to Austria by the treaty of Vienna, The mines have been worked for more than 000 years, and still produce over 16,000 tons of salt annually. The town contains salt baths and extensive manufactories of cotton goods and wooden ware. The Tyrolese, under Haspinger, here encountered the French, under Lefebvre, Oct, 3, 1809.
Hallowmas Eve Hallow Eve, Or In Scotland Halloween, the vigil of All Hallows or All Saints' day, Oct. 31. It has always been the occasion of certain popular usages in Christian countries, such as the performance of spells by young people to discover their future partners for life, and certain fireside revelries, as cracking nuts and ducking for apples. Halloween is thought to be a night when witches, devils, and other mischief-making beings are all abroad on their baneful midnight errands; particularly the fairies are said on that night to hold a grand anniversary. Burns's poem "Halloween" describes the superstitious customs and beliefs of the Scottish peasantry concerning this festival. (See All Saints' Day.)
Halts , the ancient name of the Kizil Irmak (red river), the largest river of Asia Minor. It rises in the mountains which in antiquity formed the boundary between Armenia Minor and Pontus; pursues mostly a S. W. course, re-ceiving many tributaries on its way, as far as the vicinity of Kaisariyeh (the ancient Ca?sarea Mazaca); then turns N. W., and gradually N. E., and discharges itself by several mouths into the Euxine between Sinope and Samsun (Amisus). It has a circuit of about 600 m. Its ancient importance appears from the fact that Asia was often divided into Asia cis Halyn and Asia trans Halyn. It once separated the great Lydian empire from the Medo-Persian, and near its banks was fought the first battle between Croesus and Cyrus.