Haltes-Alpes , (Upper Alps), a S. E. department of France, in Dauphiny, bordering on Italy and the departments of Savoie, Isere, Drome, and Basses-Alpes; area, 2,158 sq. m.; pop. in 1872, 118,898. The loftiest mountains of France (not including Mont Blanc) lie within its limits, Mont Olan, the Pic d'Ar-sine, and Mont Pelvoux rising upward of 13,-400 ft. above the sea. The entire surface is rugged and uneven, with vast forests. There is rich pasturage, and the department produces the cereals, wine, hemp, chestnuts, wool, etc. It is divided into the arrondissements of Gap, Embrun, and Briancon. Capital, Gap.
Halton , a county of Ontario, Canada, bordering S. E. on Lake Ontario, near its W. extremity; area, 372 sq. m.; pop. in 1871, 22,606, of whom 8,074 were of Irish, 6,993 of English, and 5,108 of Scotch origin or descent. It is traversed by the Grand Trunk and Great Western railways. Capital, Milton.
Haman , a minister of the Persian king Aha-suerus, of the race of Agag, who, because Mor-decai the Jew refused to pay him homage, resolved on the destruction of all the Jews in the Persian monarchy. He contrived to obtain a decree for this purpose; but Esther, the Jewish wife of Ahasuerus, interposed for their deliverance, and Hainan was hanged on the gibbet he had prepared for Mordecai. His history is contained in the book of Esther.
Hambach , a village of Rhenish Bavaria, near Neustadt, 15 m. W. of Spire; pop. about 2,200.
It contains a castle of the middle ages called Kastanienburg. A celebrated political gathering, known as the Hambacher Fest, was held here, May 27, 1832, by 30,000 persons, for the purpose of agitating and preparing "the regeneration of Germany as a free country." Sie-benpfeifier, Wirth, and other leaders were indicted on June 28; and a sanguinary conflict took place on the first anniversary of the gathering between the soldiery and the citizens, the Bavarian government having prohibited its celebration. The castle was presented in 1842 to the crown prince, the late king of Bavaria, and called after him Maxburg. It was greatly damaged during the revolution of 1849.
Hamblen , an E. county of Tennessee, formed since the census of 1870, bounded N. W. by Holston river and S. E. by the French Broad; area, about 150 sq. m. It is traversed by high ridges and fertile valleys, belonging to the Alleghany range. Iron ore is found. The East Tennessee, Virginia, and Georgia, and the Cincinnati, Cumberland Gap, and Charleston railroads cross it. The assessed value of property in 1871 was $1,451,819. Capital, Morristown.
Hamlet, Or Amleth a prince of Denmark, whose name occurs in the mediaeval histories, particularly that of Saxo Grammatieus, although nothing is known of the period when he lived; some place it as early as five centuries B. C, others as late as A. D. 700. According to Saxo Grammaticus, in his Danorum Re-gum Heroumque Historia, published in 1514, Hamlet was the son of Horvendill, hereditary prince of Jutland, and of Gerutha, daughter of Roric, 15th king of Denmark after Danus. His story was republished with some modifications by a French writer named Belleforest, whose work, translated into English with the title of "Historye of Hamblet," undoubtedly fell under the eye of Shakespeare, who made it the basis of his "Hamlet," though with many alterations and additions. According to some historians, Hamlet was king of Denmark for several years; but many modern authorities suppose that no such person ever existed.