Hashish ,.See Hemp.


Haskell , a N. W. county of Texas, watered by the head streams of the Brazos river; area, 1,275 sq.m.; still unsettled. It consists mostly of high prairie land, of little value except for grass. Antelopes and prairie dogs abound.


Haslingden , a market town of Lancashire, England, 16 m. N. N.W. of Manchester; pop. in 1871, 12,201. It has a handsome parish church of modern date with the exception of the tower, which belonged to a building erected in the time of Henry VIII. The woollen manufacture, formerly the staple of the town, is now supplanted by that of cotton. Excellent building stone, slate, and flags abound in the neighborhood, and there are several coal mines.


Hasselt , a town of Belgium, capital of the province of Limburg, on the Demer, 42 m. E. N. E. of Brussels, and 20 m. W. N. W. of Maestricht, with which it is connected by railway; pop. in 1866, 10,448. It is fortified and well built. The chief manufactures are tobacco, madder, soap, oil, linen, and leather.


Hatras , a town and fort of India, in the province and 90 m. S. E. of the city of Delhi; pop. about 25,000. It is the chief mart for the cotton produced in the neighborhood, which is forwarded to Furruckabad, on the Ganges, and conveyed by that river to the lower provinces. The present fort is a square of about 500 yards, and is surrounded by a mud wall and a deep dry ditch. The old fort is situated half a mile E. of the town, and though now a heap of ruins was once regarded as formidable. Hatras was taken by the British in 1803. At the outbreak of the Mahratta war in 1817 the chief of the place assumed a hostile attitude. He was summoned to surrender the fort, but refused, whereupon the town was breached and evacuated, Feb. 23, 1817. On March 1 fire was opened upon the fort, which was abandoned during the night, and immediately dismantled, as well as the neighboring fortress of Mursan.


Hatteras ,.See Cape Hatteras.

Hauksbee, Or Hawksbee

Hauksbee, Or Hawksbee Francis, an English natural philosopher, born in the latter part of the 17th century, died after 1731. He held the office of curator of experiments to the royal society, and was the first to mark the circumstances of electrical attraction and repulsion, and to observe the production of light by friction both in air and in a vacuum. His observations were given chiefly in "Physico-Mechanical Experiments on various Subjects" (4to, 1709; translated into French and enlarged, Paris, 1754).

Haut Rhin

See Haut-Rhin.


Hautboy , (Fr. haut bois, high wood), or Oboe, a musical wind instrument of the reed species, slender at the upper end, but spreading out conically at the lower. Its compass extends from C below the treble clef to G, the fourth line above the staff. It was formerly used chiefly in military music, but is now an indispensable appendage to the orchestra. It derives its name from its high, piercing sound.