Heinrieb Brum, a German arch geologist, born at Worlitz, Anhalt, Jan. 23, 1822. He graduated in Rome in 1843 and after extensive explorations in Italy he succeeded Emil Braun in 1856 as secretary of the archaeological institute in Rome. Since 1865 he has been professor of archaeology and director of the collection of coins in Munich, and since 1867 director of the collection of vases. His works include Geschichte der griechischen Kunstler (2 vols., Stuttgart, 1853-'9), and Irilievi delle urne etrusche (Rome, 1870).
Heinrieh Ludwig Edmund Dorn, a German composer, born in Konigsberg, Nov. 14, 1804. He was leader of orchestras in that city, in Leipsic, and in Riga, till 1843, when he became director of a musical association in Cologne. Since 1849 he has been in Berlin as leader of the court orchestra. Among his works are the operas Der Schoffe ton Paris and Die Nibelungen. In 1870 he published an autobiography, entitled Aus meinem Leben.
The Helder, a fortified seaport town of Holland, at the N. extremity of the province of North Holland, 40 m. N. W. of Amsterdam; pop. in 1871, 17,296. From an obscure fishing village Napoleon I. converted this place into a fortress of the first rank, capable of containing a garrison of 10,000 men. Its batteries command at once the entrance to the Zuyder Zee and that of the harbor of the ship canal at Nieuwe Diep. It is connected with Amsterdam by a canal 50 m. long, 125 ft. broad, and 21 ft. deep. The port and coasts are protected from the aggressions of the ocean by dikes, one of which is 6 m. long and 40 ft. broad, and has an excellent road on its summit.
Helianthus ,.See Sunflower.
Helicon , a mountain range of Greece, in Boeotia, between Lake Copais and the Corinthian gulf. Its loftiest summit, now called Paleo-Vuno, is 5,738 ft. high. In antiquity the slopes and valleys of Helicon were renowned for their fertility, and it was considered the favorite abode of the muses. Above Ascra was a grove sacred to them, and near it the famous fountain of Aganippe, which was believed to inspire those who drank of it. About two miles higher up was the fountain of Hippocrene, produced, according to the legends, by Pegasus's striking the ground with his hoofs.
Heliodorus , a Greek romance writer, born in Emesa, Syria, flourished at the close of the 4th century A. D. In his latter days he became a Christian, and bishop of Tricca in Thes-saly, where he introduced the regulation that every priest should be deposed who did not repudiate his wife. His AEthiopica, written in early life, treats of the loves and adventures of Theagenes and Chariclea. Its style is simple and elegant. Translations of it now exist in all the European languages, but before the 16th century its very existence was unknown to Eu-rope. The best edition of the Greek text is that of Paris, 2 vols. 8vo, 1804.