Hematite ,.See Iron ores.
Hemigale , a mammal of the family vircrri-doe, coming near the ichneumons, so named from its weasel-like body. The grayish brown fur is marked on the back by six or seven wide dark stripes, arranged saddle-wise, broad above and narrowing toward the ribs; the head is pointed, ears short, hind limbs stout, and tail long. It is a native of the East Indies, is about the size of the ichneumon, and feeds on eggs and small birds and mammals.
Hemling ,.See Memling.
Hemlock , a name applied to conium macu-latum (see Conium) and cicuta meculata (see Ciocta), as well as to abies Canadensis (see Hemlock Spruce). It is probable that the hemlock or which caused the death of Socrates was identical with the plant now. known as conium.
Hempstead , a S. W. county of Arkansas, bounded N. E. by the Little Missouri, and S. W. by Red and Little rivers; area, about 1,000 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 13,768, of whom 6,329 were colored. The surface is hilly, the soil sandy and fertile. Red river is navigable by steamboats. The chief productions in 1870 were 1,608 bushels of wheat, 683,425 of Indian corn, 40,541 of sweet potatoes, and 10,664 bales of cotton. There were 1,706 horses, 1,354 mules and asses, 9,399 cattle, 1,986 sheep, and 23,393 swine. Capital, Washington.
Hemsterhuys ,.I. Tiberius. a Dutch critic and philologist, born in Groningen, Jan. 9, 1685, died in Leyden, April 7,1766. He entered the university of Groningen at the age of 14. At 19 he was appointed professor of mathematics and philosophy at Amsterdam, where in 1706 he published his edition of the Onomasiicon of Pollux. In 1720 he became professor of Greek at Franeker, and in 1740 of Greek history at Leyden. His works include editions of Lu-cian's "Dialogues" and "Timon" (1708), and of the "Plutus" of Aristophanes (1744), and "Notes and Emendations on Xenophon of Ephesus" (1784). H. Frans, a philosopher, son of the preceding, born in Groningen in 1722, died at the Hague in 1790. He was in the service of the United Provinces as first assistant to the secretary of state. He was a laborious student, and spent his leisure hours in cultivating belles-lettres and philosophy. His complete philosophical works were published at Paris in 1792.
Hen ,.See Cock.
Hen Hawk ,.See Harrier.
Hendricks , a central county of Indiana, drained by White and Eel rivers; area, 389 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 20,277. It has a level and well timbered surface, and a fertile soil. The Indianapolis and St. Louis and the Indianapolis, Bloomington, and Western railroads traverse it, and the Indianapolis and Vincennes line touches the S. E. corner. The chief productions in 1870 were 376,992 bushels of wheat, 975,825 of Indian corn, 53,501 of oats, 47,620 of potatoes, 70,233 lbs. of wool, 218,526 of butter, and 12,180 tons of hay. There were 7,500 horses, 1,176 mules and asses. 5,492 milch cows, 13,946 other cattle, 21,460 sheep, and 30,380 swine; 16 manufactories of carriages, 11 of bricks, 5 of cooperage, 10 of saddlery and harness, 3 of woollen goods, 13 flour mills, and 15 saw mills. Capital, Danville.