Henri Wieniawski, a Polish violinist, born in Lublin, July 10, 1835. His mother was a sister of the composer Eduard Wolff, who carried him at the age of eight to Paris. He was admitted as a pupil at the conservatory in November, 1843, there receiving instruction on the violin from Clavel and Massart, obtained the first prize in 1848, and then took up the study of harmony under Colet. He appeared in concerts at 17, and has since made a reputation in both hemispheres as one of the first of living violinists. He came to the United States with Rubinstein in 1872. He has composed much for the violin, and is now (1876) a professor at the conservatory in Brussels.
Henriette (The Pseudonyme Of Sophie De Bottteiller Browne, Madame Desaulx), a French artist, born in Paris in 1829. She is the great-granddaughter of the Irish general Browne, who settled in France after the battle of Culloden (1746), and the daughter of the count de Bouteiller, a Breton nobleman of much musical and administrative talent, by his marriage with the widow of the Italian composer Benincori. In 1855 she married M. Jules Desaulx, a diplomatist. Her first picture, "Reading the Bible " (1853), has been followed by many other genre paintings, portraits, and etchings, which are popular in England as well as in France. Among her productions are "The Puritans," " Consolation," "The Woman of Eleusis," two interiors of harems, " A Court at Damascus," and "Nubian Dancers".
Henriette Von Paalzow, a German novelist, born in Berlin in 1788, died there, Oct, 30, 1847. Her family name was Wach, and she married a Prussian officer, from whom she was separated. She acquired fame by her anonymous Godwie Castle (Breslau, 1836; 5th ed., 184'.)) and St. Roche (1839; 3d ed., 1843). A complete edition of her novels has been published, together with Briefe an ihren Verleger and her biography (36 vols., Berlin, 1855; new ed., Stuttgart, 1874 et seep).
Henrik Arnold Wergeland, a Norwegian poet, born in Christiansand, June 17, 1808, died in Christiania, Aug. 12, 1845. He became director of the university library in Christiania, and in 1840 of the national archives. He was for a long time the most popular dramatic and especially lyric poet of Norway, but had many controversies with Welbaven and other opponents of his provincialism. He zealously advocated the rights of the Jews. His collected works are in 9 vols. (Christiania, 1852-7). Select editions appeared in 1846 and 1859, and his biography by Lassen in 1867.
Henrik Hertz, a Danish poet, born in Copenhagen, Aug. 25, 1798. He is of Jewish parentage, but joined the Protestant church, and studied law. In 1820 he published anonymously his first comedy, Herr Burckhard og hans Familie, which was rapidly followed by others. Gjenganger-Brerene, a polemical poem (1830), attracted much attention on account of its severe criticism of the literature of the day. His tragedy Svend Dyrings Huus (1837) added greatly to his popularity by its patriotic character, and a lyrical drama entitled " King Rene's Daughter " carried his fame into Germany, France, and England, where his works have since been translated as soon as they appeared. Among his novels, Stemninger og Til-stande (1839), Johannes Johnson (1858), and Eventyr og Fortallinger (1862) are specially noteworthy.