Herve , a French composer, whose real name is Florimond Ronger, born at Houdain, near Arras, in 1825. His Don Quichotte (1847) was the first opera bouffe introduced on the French stage, and subsequently, as a protege of M. de Morny, he became connected with theatres, where he continued to produce similar entertainments, paving the way for Offenbach, who soon eclipsed Herve at the Bouffes-Parisiens (1855), the latter disappearing for several years from the stage. Since 1805, however, when he became leader of the orchestra at the Eldorado, he has been sharply competing with Offenbach. Among his later productions are L'oeil creve (1807), Chilperic (1868), Le petit Faust, and Lea Turcs (1869).
Herzen ,.See Hertzen.
Hesperides , in Grecian mythology, the guardians of the golden apples which Terra gave to Juno as a wedding gift. Sometimes they are called the daughters of Erebus and Night, sometimes of Atlas and Hesperis, sometimes of Jupiter and Themis. Some traditions make them three, others four, and others seven. They were commonly set down at four, whose names were AEgle, Erythia, Hestia, and Are-thusa. Their gardens were originally placed in the remote west, about Libya and Mt. Atlas, but later mythologists placed them in Cyrenaica, and some even in the extreme north among the Hyperboreans. Their duty was to guard the apples which Juno had committed to their care, but Hercules obtained them by the assistance of Atlas.
Hesse-Darmstadt ,.See Hesse, II.
Heteropoda ,.See Nucleobranchiates.
Heteroptera ,.See Hemiptera.
Heves ,.I. A central county of Hungary, bordering on the counties of Gomor, Borsod, Szaboles, Bekes, Caongrad, and Pesth; area, 2,546 sq. m.; pop. in 1869, 332,613, of whom the great majority were Magyars. It is watered by the Theiss, Zagyva, Erlau, and Tarna. Its chief products are wine, corn, and tobacco; and it has a considerable manufacturing industry and a brisk trade. Capital, Erlau.
II. A town of the preceding county, 55 m. E. N. E. of Pesth; pop. in 1869, 5,703. The inhabitants produce wine, corn, and tobacco.
Hevelius , (Hewel, or Hewelke), Johannes, a Polish astronomer, born in Dantzic, Jan. 28, 1611, died there, Jan. 28, 1688. He was of noble birth, studied at Leyden, applied himself to improving optical instruments, and established in his house a private press from which most of his works were issued. He was chosen councillor in 1651. In 1641 he constructed an observatory, called Stellaeburgum, which he provided with instruments chiefly of his own manufacture. In 1679 he was visited by Halley, whom the royal society of London had requested to examine his observations. In that year his observatory was burned down, with his library and many of his manuscripts. He soon rebuilt it, and continued his astronomical pursuits till his death. As an observer he ranked next to Elamsteed among the astronomers of his age. His works include Selenographia (1647), Cometographia (1668), Machina Coelestis(1673-'9), Firmamentum Sobiescianum (1690), and Prodromus Astronomioe (1691).