Hiram , a township of Portage CO., Ohio, 33 m. S.E. of Cleveland; pop. in 1879, 1,234. It is situated on the range of hills dividing the waters that flow N. to Lake Erie from those flowing S. to the Ohio river, about 2 m. from the Mahoning branch of the Atlantic and Great Western railroad. It is the seat of Hiram college, under the charge of the Disciples. This institution was founded as the Western Reserve eclectic institute in 1850, and its name was changed in 1807. The building occupies a healthy site, commanding fine views. In 1872-'3 there were 9 professors and instructors; number of students 286, of whom 126 were females, including 35 collegiate and 7 preparatory students, 19 in the commercial course, and 51 in the normal class. The rest were pursuing English and selected studies. The libraries contain 2,500 volumes.


Hirpani ,.an ancient people of Italy, of Sam-nite race, whose name is said to come from the Sabine word hirpus, a wolf. They dwelt in the southern part of Samnium, W. of Apulia, N. of Lucania, and E. of Campania. At the time of the second Punic war they were independent of the Samnites. They took up arms against Rome during the social war. Their chief places were AEculanum and Aquilonia.


Hirschberg , a town of Prussia, in the province of Silesia, at the entrance of the Zacken into the Bober, 30 m. S. W. of Liegnitz; pop. in 1871,11,773. It consists of the town proper, surrounded by walls with three gates, and three suburbs. It has a Protestant and three Catholic churches, a gymnasium, a female high school, a mechanics' institution, a chamber of commerce, and a garrison. It is the centre of the linen industry of Silesia, and has also manufactories of cloth, veils, chinaware, machines, and paper, bleaching grounds, and dye works. A considerable trade is carried on in linen and veils. The Hausberg, Cavalierberg, Helicon, and Sattler are eminences near Hirsch-berg, with beautiful pleasure grounds.


Hispania ,.See Spain.


Hispaniola ,.See Hayti.


Histall, a parish of Yorkshire, England, in the West Riding, 7 m. S. W. of Leeds; pop. in 1871, 48,605. It contains a large number of woollen and worsted mills, besides cotton and silk manufactories, and mines of coal and iron. A branch of the London and Northwestern railroad passes through the parish.

Histiaea, Or Oreus

Histiaea, Or Oreus an ancient city of Euboea, on the river Callas, at the foot of Mt. Telethri-um. It ranked among the oldest and most important of the Euboean cities. Occupied by the Persians after the battle of Artemisium (480 B. C), it afterward successively became subject to the Athenians (who, in consequence of a revolt in 445 B. C, displaced its inhabitants for Attic colonists, and changed its name to Oreus) and to the Spartans. During the wars of Alexander's successors, and those of the Romans and Macedonians, Oreus was a place of great strategic importance.