Hit , (anc. Is), a town of Asiatic Turkey, in the vilayet and 70 m. W. N. W. of the city of Bagdad, on the W. bank of the Euphrates; pop. about 2,000. It is situated on a hillside, and the streets are narrow, dirty, and often steep. The houses are chiefly of clay, one or two stories in height. A graceful minaret and some tombs are the only buildings worthy of notice. The inhabitants are employed in boat building and the preparation of wool, salt, naphtha, and bitumen, for which last the place has been famous for ages. Thothmes III. brought bitumen from Hit to Egypt about 1400 B. C. According to Herodotus, the bitumen of Is was used in the building of Babylon.
Hoang-Hai ,.See Yellow Sea.
Hoang-Ho ,.See China, vol. iv., p. 442.
Hobart Town, Or Hobarton the capital of the British colony of Tasmania, on the S. side of the island, 20 m. from the sea, at the head of a fine land-locked harbor called Sullivan cove; lat. 42° 53' S., Ion. 147° 21' E.; pop. in 1871, 19,092. The river Derwent flows into the head of the bay, and the town is delightfully situated at its mouth. The bulk of the imports and exports of the colony come to this port. Hobarton and all the other ports of Tasmania are free to foreign whaling vessels.
The city is the seat' of an Anglican and a Catholic bishop, has two cathedrals and 21 other churches and chapels, a high school, numerous private seminaries, a mechanics' institute, a magnetic observatory, and a royal society of sciences, which publishes its transactions. The Derwent is navigable by considerable vessels for 3 m. above the town, and by craft of 50 tons for 20 m. higher.
Hobbema, Or Hobbima Minderhout, a Dutch painter, born probably in Coevorden, died in Amsterdam, Dec. 14, 1709. Nothing is known of his personal history, except that he probably lived in Amsterdam, and was on terms of intimacy with Ruysdael, Berghem, and Van der Velde. His subjects are simple landscapes, but the admirable perspective, the fulness and purity of color, and the firmness of execution give to his homeliest scenes a marked and distinctive character. The figures in his pictures were frequently added by Teniers, Ostade, or Van der Velde.
Hobby , a falcon of the genus hypotriorchis (Boie). This genus differs from falco (Linn.) in having longer and more slender tarsi, covered in front with large hexagonal scales, and very long and slender toes. The species of this genus, to which the American pigeon hawk (H. columbarius, Linn.) belongs, prefer wooded and cultivated places, and are generally migratory; they fly with great rapidity and for a long time, pursuing the swift migratory birds. The common hobby (H. subbuteo, Linn.) resembles the peregrine falcon in appearance, but is smaller, being only 12 in. long, with an expanse of wings of 26 in., the female being 2 in. longer and wider.
Hobby (Hypotriorchis subbuteo).