Hochelaga , a county of Quebec, Canada, occupying the E. portion of Montreal island; area, 76 sq. m.; pop. in 1871, 25,640, of whom [ 20,224 were of French origin or descent. The surface is level, and the soil fertile and well cultivated. Capital, Longue Pointe.
See Germany, Wines of.
Hochkirch , a village of Saxony, 7 m. E. S. E. of Bautzen, memorable for a battle between Frederick the Great and the Austrian general Daun, Oct. 14, 1758. The Prussians, whom the king, contrary to the advice of his officers, had ordered to encamp in an exposed position on an open plain, were attacked before it was light, and under cover of a thick fog, and in the confusion and darkness suffered a terrible defeat, losing all their camp equipage and baggage. When day broke Frederick found himself nearly surrounded by the Austrians, and ordered a retreat. His loss was 9,000 men, including several of his best generals, and more than 100 guns. On May 21, 1813, the allies were defeated here by the French under Mar-niont and Macdonald.
Hochst , a town of Prussia, in the province of Hesse-Nassau, near the Taunus mountains, on the railway from Frankfort to Mentz, 5 1/2 m. W. of Frankfort; pop. in 1871, 3,108. In the thirty years' war Tilly achieved a brilliant victory there, June 10, 1G22, over the duke Christian of Brunswick. It was taken six times during that war; and the old castle, where the archbishops of Mentz used to reside occasionally, was then converted into a ruin. On Oct. 11, 1795, the French under Jourdan were defeated there by the Austrians.
Hochstadt , a town of Bavaria, in the circle of Swabia and Neuburg, near the Danube, 4 m. N. E. of Dillingen; pop. in 1871, 2,288. In the vicinity was fought in 1704 the celebrated battle of Blenheim, between the English and Austrians and the French and Bavarians, which in Germany and France is known as the battle of Hochstadt. (See Blenheim.)
Hock ,.See Germany, Wines of.
Hocking , a S. E. county of Ohio, drained by the river of the same name; area, 380 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 17,925. It has a hilly surface with several considerable elevations, and is generally fertile. Coal and iron are found. It is traversed by the Columbus and Hocking Valley railroad and the Hocking canal. The chief productions in 1870 were 132,714 bushels of wheat, 498,660 of Indian corn, 108,726 of oats, 54,432 of potatoes, 82,010 lbs. of tobacco, 130,-960 of wool, 387,395 of butter, and 13,792 tons of hay. There were 5,062 horses, 4,903 milch cows, 7,897 other cattle, 36,361 sheep, and 15,-924 swine; 3 flour mills, 9 saw mills, 3 tanneries, 2 currying establishments, 3 manufactories of furniture, 1 of pig iron, and 1 of woollen goods. Capital, Logan.
Hocking, Or Hockhocking a river of Ohio, rising in Fairfield co., near the centre of the state. It flows S. E. through a picturesque hilly country, and after a course of about 80 m. joins the Ohio at the S. E. extremity of Athens co. About 7 m. from Lancaster in Fairfield co. it has a perpendicular fall of 40 feet. It is deep enough for boat navigation for a distance of nearly 70 m., but is obstructed by falls and dams. The Hocking canal passes along its banks, and connects with the Ohio canal.