Honey Ant

Honey Ant , a name given to several species of ants, of Mexico and Texas, the major workers of which secrete a saccharine fluid or kind of honey, which is used for the nourishment of the young brood. In the myrmecocystus Mexi-canus, the abdomen of these workers becomes swollen like a balloon, and filled with a transparent honey; these individuals are inactive, not quitting the nest, their sole occupation being apparently the elaboration of this fluid, which they discharge into receptacles prepared to receive it. In crematogaster inflatus there is a bladder-like swelling on the hinder part of the thorax, furnished with small circular orifices at the posterior lateral angles, from which the saccharine fluid exudes.

Honey Bee

Honey Bee ,.See Bee.

Hong

Hong , the Chinese name for a foreign factory or mercantile establishment. The word means a row or series, and is applied to warehouses because they consist of a succession of rooms. The factories at Canton are built in this manner, and each block is called by the natives a hong. Formerly the European trade at Canton on the part of the Chinese was granted by the government as a monopoly to 10 or 12 great merchants, called the hong merchants, through whose hands all foreign cargoes passed, and by whom the return cargoes were furnished. They became security for the payment of duties by the foreign ships, and maintained a high reputation for integrity. This monopoly is now abolished.

Honiton

Honiton , a town of Devonshire, England, pleasantly situated on the left bank of the river Otter, 16 m. N. E. of Exeter, and 142 m. W. S. W. of London; pop. in 1871, 3,470. It is neatly built, and contains many good houses and a literary institute. It gives its name to a celebrated kind of lace once exclusively made here, but now manufactured in many locali- ties. Butter is largely exported to London. Honiton returned two members to parliament for many centuries till 1807, when it lost one member, owing to the population being less than 10,000, and it was subsequently disfranchised altogether.

Honsc Of Valois

Honsc Of Valois, a younger branch of the Capetian dynasty, so called from the territory of Valois in tie de France, which occupied the throne of France 261 years, from the accession of Philip VI. in 1328 to the death of Henry III. in 1589 and the accession of Henry IV., the first of the Bourbons. (See Philip VI., and France).

Hont

Hont , a N. W. county of Hungary, bounded S. by the Danube; area, 986 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 123,800, of whom about 47,000 were Magyars and 57,000 Slavs, 76,000 Roman Catholics and 34,000 Protestants. In the north the county is traversed by ramifications of the Carpathians, gradually sloping southward to the Danube. The soil, particularly in the valleys, is generally fertile, producing large crops of grain, hemp, flax, and tobacco. Wine is also made to some extent. There are productive mines of gold, silver, lead, and iron, which have long been worked, particularly around Schemnitz. The capital is Ipolysag, but the most important town is Schemnitz.