Ica, an inland town of Peru, capital of a district of the same name, in the department and 170 m. S. S. E. of the city of Lima; pop. about 7,000. It is situated in a sandy plain, and the heat is excessive; nevertheless, lca exports immense quantities of wheat and other grains, exquisite olive oil, and superior wines and brandies, through its port, Pisco, 48 m. N. N. W., to which place a railway has been in operation since 1872. The cost of the line was $1,364,-062 50. An extensive trade is also carried on in fish taken on the Pacific coast. There are several schools, which are well attended. In the adjacent district are found species of stones called dentritis, which when polished present curious views of trees, plants, edifices, etc.


See Daedalus.

Ichabod Bartlett

Ichabod Bartlett, an American lawyer, born in Salisbury, N. II., in 1786, died in Portsmouth, N. H., Oct. 19, 1853. He was educated at Dartmouth college, and commenced the practice of law in Durham, but soon removed to Portsmouth, where he spent the rest of his life. He is celebrated as an opponent of Webster and Mason. He was seven years in the state legislature, a representative in congress (1823-'9), and a member of the state constitutional convention of 1850.


Ichnology (GrIchnology 090090 a footprint, andIchnology 090091 discourse), the name applied to the modern science of fossil footprints, or ichnolites. See Fossil Footprints, and Hitchcock, Edward.


Ictiinus, a Greek architect, contemporary with Pericles. He was chief architect of the Parthenon, and built the temple of Apollo Epi-curius near Phigalia in Arcadia. The former was completed in 438 B. C, and the latter probably about 431. He also built the fane at Eleu-sis in which the mysteries were celebrated. All these edifices were in the Doric style. No details of his life remain.

Ida Saint-Elme

Ida Saint-Elme, the nom de plume of a French courtesan (Elselina Vanayl de Yongh), born at Valambrose, S. France, in 1778, died in Brussels, May 23, 1845. She is known chiefly by her publication entitled Mé-moires d'une contemporaine (8 vols., Paris, 1827; new ed., 1863), purporting to contain her recollections of eminent personages under the republic, the consulate, the empire, and the restoration. As the mistress of several of Napoleon's generals and marshals, she professed to have peculiar materials of secret history. After the revolution of 1830 she resided in London, and made an attempt to levy blackmail upon Louis Philippe by forcing him to purchase letters written by him in 1809. She ended her life in a hospital of nuns.


Ides (in the Roman calendar, the 15th day of March, May, July, and October, and the 13th day of the other months. The eight days preceding the ides were named from it, and styled the 1st, 2d, 3d, etc, day before the ides. Under the empire the senate sat regularly on the ides and on the calends, with the exception of the ides of March, the anniversary of Caesar's death, which was regarded as a dies ater.