Ingolstadt (a fortified town of Upper Bavaria, on the left bank of the Danube, at the confluence of the Schutter, 35 m. S. W. of Ratisbon, and the principal place between that city and Ulm; pop. in 1871, 13,164. It has one Protestant and several Catholic churches, two convents, a Latin and an industrial school, an ancient castle, a military hospital, and several breweries. The defences of the town were demolished by the French after a three months' siege in 1800, but were restored from 1827 to 1847 with all modern improvements of fortification. Its Roman Catholic university, founded in 1472, and long famous, was transferred in 1800 to Landshut. The first Jesuit college established in Germany was founded at Ingolstadt in 1555. In 1632 the town sustained a siege by Gustavus Adolphus.
Ingrians, a tribe in the Russian government of St. Petersburg, belonging to the Tchudic branch of the Finns, now reduced to about 18,000, in 200 small and wretched villages. The Ingrians are poor and ignorant, but begin to assimilate more with the Russians; and many have forsaken the Protestant religion, which is that of the majority, for the Greek church. The Ingrians derive their name from the river Inger or Izhora. The strip of land between the Neva, the lake of Ladoga, the gulf of Finland, the Narva, and the governments of Pskov and Novgorod, was called Ingermannland or Ingria by the Swedes, who obtained possession of it at the beginning of the 17th century. Reconquered by Peter the Great in 1702, it has formed since 1783 the bulk of the government of St. Petersburg.
An English Monk Ingulphus, born in London about 1030, died at the monastery of Croy-land, Dec. 17, 1109. He was educated at Oxford, and attracted the attention of Editha, queen of Edward the Confessor, who became his patroness, and introduced him to William, duke of Normandy, who made the young Saxon his secretary. He resigned that office in 1064, accompanied Sigfried, duke of Mentz, to the Holy Land, and became a monk in the abbey of Fontenelle, in Normandy, whence in 1076 he was invited to England by William, and appointed abbot of. Croyland. The Historia Monasterii Croylandensis, from 664 to 1089, was long regarded as the work of Ingulphus, but Sir Francis Palgrave has proved it to be of a later age.
Inhamban, a town of East Africa, belonging to Portugal, near the mouth of the Inhamban river, N. of Cape Corrientes and 200 m. N. E. of Delagoa bay; pop. about 10,000. It has a harbor, and trades in beeswax and ivory.
Innocenzio Da Imola, a Bolognese painter, whose real name was Francucci, born at Imola in the latter part of the 15th century, died about 1550. He was a pupil of Francia, and resided chiefly in Bologna, where his painting of the archangel Michael subduing Satan is now preserved. In the latter part of his life he imitated Raphael, and some of his works have been mistaken for his.