Jacobus Van Der Does, the elder, a Dutch painter, born in Amsterdam, March 4, 1623, died there, Nov. 17, 1673. After visiting Paris, he spent several years in Rome, where he was assisted by fellow artists. He was celebrated for his pictures of animals, especially sheep and goats, in connection with landscapes. His son Simon (1653-1717) excelled in the same branch of art; and another son, Jacobus the younger, born in 1654, showed great talent as a historical painter, and died in Paris at the age of about 38.
Jacopo Cortesi Borgognone, also known as Jacques Couetois (his original name), an Italian painter, born in Burgundy in 1621, died in Rome, Nov. 14, 1676. He studied his art at Bologna, a part of the time under the instruction of Guido. He worked very rapidly, and excelled in representing battle scenes. For many years he resided at Florence, where he acquired a fortune by his pencil, and about 1656 became a Jesuit, still devoting himself to art, but working chiefly on religious subjects.
Jacqnes Charles Brunet, a French bibliographer, born in Paris, Nov. 2, 1780, died there, Nov. 16, 1867. The son of a bookseller, he early devoted himself to the study of bibliography, and made several catalogues of old libraries. His most important work is the Manuel du libraire et de Vamateur de livres (3 vols. 8vo, 1810). The 5th edition (7 vols. 8vo, Paris, 1867) is the most complete work on bibliography ever produced. He also published Recherches sur les editions origin-ales des cinq livres du roman satirique de Rabelais, and several other works. In 1848 he received the decoration of the legion of honor.
Jacques Albert Michel Jacobs, known also as Jacobs Jacobs, a Belgian painter, born in Antwerp in 1812. He studied in Antwerp, travelled in the East, and produced many marine pieces, landscapes, and views of towns. His " Shipwreck of the Florida" and " View of Constantinople " are at Munich.
Jacques Alexandre Cesar Charles, a French physicist, born at Beaugency, Nov. 12, 1746, died in Paris, April 7. 1823. He was remarkable for his skill in public experiments and demonstrations; and his lecture room, in which he popularized the electrical discovery of Franklin, was attended by one of the most brilliant assemblies of Paris. Montgolfier having sent up a balloon filled with rarefied air, Charles immediately constructed the first balloon ever made capable of holding hydrogen gas, with which an aeronaut successfully ascended, Aug. 2, 1783. Charles afterward made an aerostatic voyage himself, rising to the height of 7,000 ft. He invented the megascope and other ingenious optical instruments, was a member of the academy of sciences and librarian of the institute, and had one of the most beautiful cabinets in Europe.
Jacques Anionic Dulaure, a French author and statesman, born at Clermont-Ferrand in 1755, died in Paris, Aug. 19, 1835. He studied architecture and engineering, but turned his attention to literature, and on the breaking out of the revolution joined the republican party. In 1792 he was elected member of the convention, in which he voted for the execution of the king, but afterward became connected with the Girondists. During the reign of terror he supported himself in Switzerland as an engraver. He afterward returned to France and was elected to the council of 500, but retired from public life after the revolution of the 18th Brumaire, 1799. Among his works are: Histoire civile, physique et morale de Paris (7 vols. 8vo, 1821; latest ed. by Leynadier, 8 vols., 1856), and historical sketches of the revolution (6 vols., 1823-'5). As a historian he has not the reputation of impartiality.