Jacques Georges De Chauffepie, a Protestant divine of Holland, of French origin, born in Leeuwarden, Nov. 9, 1702, died in Amsterdam, July 3, 1786. He is principally known as the author of the Nouveau dictionnaire historique et critique, pour servir de supplement ou de continuation du Dictionnaire historique et critique de M. Bayle (4 vols, folio, Amsterdam, 1750-'56).
Jacques Ignace Hittorff, a French architect, born in Cologne, Aug. 20, 1793, died in Paris, March 25, 1867. He worked for a time as a mason, but became in 1810 a pupil of the school of fine arts in Paris, and in 1818 architect of the government. He studied in Sicily the remains of Greek architecture, and from 1824 was engaged in the construction of important public buildings. The church of St. Vincent de Paul is generally regarded as his masterpiece. The embellishments in the Champs Elysees, the Bois de Boulogne, and other places, were also designed by him. He followed the ancient Greek artists in applying colors to most of his architectural designs. He was elected in 1853 to the academy of fine arts. His writings include Architecture antique de la Sicile (3 vols., Paris, 1826-'30); Architecture mo-derne de la Sicile (3 vols., 1826-'30); Architecture polychrome chez les Grecs (1831); and Memoire sur Pompei et Petra (1866).
Jacques Raymond Brascassat, a French painter, born in Bordeaux, Aug. 30, 1805. In 1825 he gained the second prize at the school of fine arts for a historical landscape illustrating the hunt of Meleager, and subsequently travelled and studied five years in Italy at the expense of the duchess de Berri. For many years he has been a regular contributor to the annual expositions in Paris, and is noted for his animal pieces. He is a member of the academy of fine arts, and has several times received a first medal. His chief works comprise " Bulls Fighting," in the museum of Nantes, " Cow attacked by Wolves and defended by a Bull," "Bull Butting against a Tree," and pictures of dogs, sheep, cattle, and wolves, which usually have a background of wooded landscape.
Jacques Saurin, a French Protestant clergyman, born in Nîmes, Jan. 6, 1677, died at the Hague, Dec. 30, 1730. His family went to Geneva after the revocation of the edict of Nantes. In 1694 he made a campaign in the English service as a cadet under Lord Gal-way, afterward served in Piedmont, and then returned to Geneva and studied theology. In 1701 he became pastor of the Walloon church in London. He remained there four years, and passed the rest of his life at the Hague, acquiring a great reputation as a preacher. His sermons, in several volumes, have appeared in many editions; a nearly complete translation of them has been published in German, and an abridged translation in English. Among his other works is Discours sur les éténements les plus mémorables du Vieux et du Nouveau Testament, called "Saurin's Bible" (2 vols, fol., illustrated, 1720, to which Roques and Beau-sobre added 4 vols.).