James Barbour, an American statesman, born in Orange county, Va., June 10, 1775, died June 8, 1842. While very young he served as a deputy sheriff, and at the age of 19 was admitted to the bar. He was a member of the legislature of Virginia from 1796 to 1812, when he became governor of the state. After serving two terms in this office he was elected to the United States senate (1815), where for several sessions he was chairman of the committee on foreign relations. He remained in the senate till 1825, when President John Quincy Adams appointed him secretary of war. In 1828 he became minister to England, but was recalled the next year by President Jackson, of whose administration and that of Mr. Van Buren he was a vigorous opponent. In 1839 he presided at the Harrisburg convention, which nominated Gen. Harrison for president.
James Beresford, an English author, born at Upham, Hampshire, in 1764, died in September, 1840. He was educated at Oxford, and became rector of Kibworth, Leicestershire. He was the author of various independent works and of contributions to the "Looker-on" a periodical published in 1792-'3. His most noted work was " The Miseries of Human Life," a prose satire often reprinted.
James Bnrnet Monboddo, lord, a Scottish jurist, born at the family seat of Monboddo, in Kincardineshire, in 1714, died in Edinburgh, May 26, 1799. He graduated at the university of Aberdeen, and was sent to Groningen to study law. In 1738 he returned to Scotland, and practised at the bar till 1767, wdien he was made a judge. His principal works are: "A Dissertation on the Origin and Progress of Language" (6 vols. 8vo, 1774-'92), and "Ancient Metaphysics" (6 vols. 4to, 1778). He especially admired the civilization of Greece, but maintained that the savage state was happiest, that men originally possessed no higher faculty than beasts, and that the orang outang is of the human species.
James Boaden, an English dramatist and biographer, born at Whitehaven in 1702, died in 1839. He was a painter, but abandoned the art, and wrote plays, none of which now keep possession of the stage. He also wrote lives of John Kemble, Mrs. Siddons, Mrs. Jordan, and Mrs. Inchbald, and an "Inquiry into the Authenticity of the various Pictures and Prints of Shakespeare" (London, 1824), directed against what is called Talma's portrait of Shakespeare, and accepting the Chandos portrait as authentic.
James Bowling Mozley, an English clergyman, born in Lincolnshire in 1813. He graduated at Oriel college, Oxford, in 1834, was elected fellow of Magdalen college, and became vicar of Shoreham, Sussex, in 1856. He was appointed Bampton lecturer in 1865, canon of Worcester in 1869, and regius professor of divinity and canon of Christ's church, Oxford, in 1871. He has published "A Treatise on the Augustinian Doctrine of Predestination" (1855); "Primitive Doctrine of Baptismal Regeneration" (1856); "Review of the Baptismal Controversy" (1862); "On Subscription to the Articles" (1863); and "On Miracles" (Bampton lectures, 3d ed., 1872).