James Currie, a Scottish physician, born at Kirkpatrick-Fleming, Dumfriesshire, May 31, 1756, died at Sidmouth, Devonshire, Aug. 31, 1805. In early life he went to Virginia, but returned after the breaking out of the revolution, commenced the study of medicine at Edinburgh, graduated at Glasgow in 1780, and began to practise in Liverpool. He applied affusions of cold and tepid water to the cure of disease, and published " Medical Reports on the Effects of Water, cold and warm, as a Remedy in Febrile Diseases" (2 vols., 1797 and 1804; 5th ed., 1814). Besides several other medical works, he wrote "A Letter, Commercial and Political, to William Pitt," under the assumed name of Jasper Wilson, which attracted much attention. In 1800 he published the first collected edition of the works of Robert Burns, in 4 vols., which has been frequently reprinted.
James Dixon, an English clergyman, born in Leicestershire in 1788, died at Bradford, Yorkshire, Dec. 28, 1871. In 1812 he entered the Wesleyan conference, and continued in the itinerant ministry till 1824, when he was sent as a missionary to Gibraltar. In 1825 he labored at Wakefield; in 1828 he preached in London, where he remained till 1833. After a term of pastoral service in Liverpool, he was appointed successively superintendent of the Sheffield and Manchester circuits. In 1841 he was chosen president of the British conference, and in 1848 he was elected by the Wesleyan conference a delegate to the general conference of the United States. He published " Methodism in its Origin, Economy, and Present Position;" " Memoir of the Rev. William E.Miller;" " Notes on America;" "The Present Position and Aspects of Popery, and the Duty of Exposing the Errors of Papal Rome;" and "Letters on the Duties of Protestants with regard to Popery."
James Elmes, an English architect, born in London, Oct. 15,1782, died in 1862. He gained the silver medal in architecture at the royal academy in 1804, and was for some time surveyor and civil engineer of the port of London; but loss of sight (which, however, he afterward partially recovered) caused him to relinquish the office in 1828. He published "Sir Christopher Wren and his Times" (4to, 1823); " Lectures on Architecture" (8vo, 1823); "General and Bibliographical Dictionary of the Fine Arts" (8vo, 1826); "On the Law of Dilapidations" (royal 8vo, 1826); "Treatise on Architectural Jurisprudence" (8vo, 1827); "Survey of the Harbor and Port of London" (1838); "Horse Vacivae" (1851); and " Thomas Clark-son, a Monograph " (1854).
James Elphinston, a Scottish grammarian, born in Edinburgh in 1721, died at Hammersmith, near London, Oct. 8, 1809. He studied at the university of Edinburgh, became tutor to Lord Blantyre, superintended an edition of the "Rambler" in his native town, and in 1751 opened a school at Kensington. He was a zealous advocate of a change in English orthography, and published several works on the subject which exposed him to great ridicule. A translation of Martial (4to, 1782) was no better received. His principal works are: "French and English Languages" (2 vols. 12mo, 1756); "Education, a Poem" (1763); "English Language" (2 vols. 12mo, 1765); "Propriety ascertained in her Picture" (1786); Poetoe Sententiosi, Latini, etc. (1794); and " Fifty Years' Correspondence, Inglish, French, and Lattin, in Proze and Verse, between Ge-niusses ov boath Sexes and James Elphinston " (8 vols. 12mo, 1794).