James Madison

James Madison, an American bishop, second cousin of President Madison, born in Rockingham co., Va., Aug. 27, 1749, died March 6, 1812. He graduated at William and Mary college in 1772, and in 1773 became professor of mathematics in the college, and studied theology. In 1775 he went to England, and was admitted to orders by the bishop of London. From 1777 till his death he was president of William and Mary college, and from 1784 also professor of natural, moral, and political philosophy. Dr. Griffith, who had been chosen as the first bishop of Virginia, having declined, Dr. Madison was selected for the office, and was consecrated by the archbishop of Canterbury, at Lambeth palace, Sept. 19, 1790. He published several addresses and sermons, including one on the death of Washington (1800), and several scientific papers in " Barton's Journal" and the "Transactions of the American Society."

James Mangles

James Mangles, a British traveller, born about 1785, died about 1861. He entered the navy in March, 1800, took part in the expedition to the Cape of Good Hope, and became a commander in 1815. In 1816 he visited the Levant, went up the Nile, and joined Belzoni in clearing away the sand from the entrance to the great temple of Ipsambul. They then crossed the desert to Syria and the Dead sea, whence in 1820 they returned to England. In 1823 they printed for private circulation a selection from the letters written by them while absent, republished in 1844 under the title of "Travels in Egypt and Nubia, Syria, and the Holy Land".

James Mcdougal Hart

James Mcdougal Hart, an American painter, brother of William Hart, born in Kilmarnock, Ayrshire, Scotland, in 1828. His parents having removed to Albany, N. Y., he commenced life as a coach painter at Troy, and was induced by a natural taste for art to adopt the profession of a landscape painter. He went in 1851 to Dusseldorf, where he spent nearly a year under the instruction of Schirmer. He returned to Albany in 1852, and in 1856 removed to New York. In 1857 he was elected an associate of the academy of design, and in 1859 an academician. He is particularly noted as a painter of cattle and sheep. Some of his principal paintings are, "Woods in Autumn," "Moon-rise in the Adirondacks," "Coming out of the Shade," and "On the March," apiece containing cattle and sheep.

James Meadows Rendel

James Meadows Rendel, an English engineer, born near Dartmoor, Devonshire, in 1799, died in London, Nov. 21, 1856. He was early employed in the construction of bridges, and from 1824 to 1827 was engaged upon that across the Laira within the port of Plymouth. In 1831 he introduced a new system of crossing rivers by means of floating bridges and steam power. His most celebrated achievements are the harbors of refuge at Holyhead and Portland.

James Merrick

James Merrick, an English poet, born in Leading, June 8, 1720, died there, Jan. 5, 1769. He was educated at Trinity college, Oxford of which he; became fellow in 1744-' When'14 years old he published "The Messiah, a Divine Essay." He took orders, but from delicate health was unable to perform clerical duties.

Among his works are: a " Translation of Try-phiodorus" (Oxford, 1741); " Poems on Sacred Subjects" (Oxford, 1763); "The Psalms Translated or Paraphrased in English Verse " (Reading, 1766); and "Annotations on the Psalms" (Reading, 1768). His fable, "The Chameleon," is the best known of his works.