James Milnor, an American clergyman, born in Philadelphia, June 20, 1773, died in New York, April 8, 1844. After spending a brief period at the university of Pennsylvania, he besran the study of law in his native city in 1789, was admitted to the bar in 1794, and practised his profession at Norristown till 1797, when he removed to Philadelphia, where he served in several public stations. In 1810 he became a representative in congress, where he opposed the war of 1812. He entered the ministry of the Protestant Episcopal church in 1814, and in 1816 was called to St. George's church, Now York, where he remained till his (hath. ' Dr. Milnor's labors were abundant, not only in the discharge of his parish duties, but also in connection with the Bible and tract societies, and other philanthropic and charitable institutions. He published a few occasional sermons and addresses. - See "Memoirs of the Life of James Milnor," by the Rev. J. S. Stone, D. D. (8vo, New York, 1848).
James Morier, an English author, born about 1780, died in Brighton, March 30, 1849. He studied the oriental languages, spent about six years (1810-'16) in Persia as secretary of legation and minister plenipotentiary, and published "Travels in Persia, Armenia, and Asia Minor to Constantinople " (London 1812); "A Second Journey through Persia, Armenia, and Asia Minor" (1818); and a series of novels, the most interesting of which is "The Adventures of Hajji Baba" (5 vols., 1824-'8). Among his other works are "Zohrab, or the Hostage" (1882), "Ayesha, the Maid of Ears" (1834), and "The Mirza" (1841), all illustrations of Persian life.
James Nasmyth, a British inventor, born in Edinburgh, Aug. 19, 1808. He studied in the school of arts and at the university of Edinburgh, and was employed in London previous to settling in Manchester in 1834, when he founded an extensive establishment for the manufacture of machinery, from which he retired in 1856. He invented the steam hammer, the steam pile driver, and a new and effective kind of ordnance, and constructed powerful telescopes for investigating the moon. In conjunction with James Carpenter, he published "The Moon considered as a Planet, a World, and a Satellite " (2d ed., 1874).
James Naylor, an English religious enthusiast, born at Ardsley, Yorkshire, about 1616, died in Huntingdonshire in 1660. In 1642 he took up arms for the parliament. After the overthrow of the royalist party he became a follower of George Fox and an itinerant preacher. He fancied that he was inspired, that he was set as a sign of Christ's coming, and that the spirit of the Saviour dwelt in him. For these opinions the parliament in 1656 condemned him to stand with his head in the pillory for two hours, be whipped at the cart's tail from Palace yard to the old exchange, have his tongue bored with a red-hot iron, and his forehead branded with the letter B, as the stigma of a blasphemer; and he was afterward imprisoned for nearly three years. After his liberation he hastened homeward, but died on the way. Naylor's theological essays, epistles, etc, were published in 1716, and "Memoirs of the Life, Ministry, Trial, and Sufferings of James Naylor" appeared in 1719.