James Orchard Halliwell

James Orchard Halliwell, an English archaeologist, born at Chelsea, June 21, 1820. He has edited and published more than 60 pamphlets relating to early English literature, especially as connected with Shakespeare. Of his other works, the principal are: "Early History of Freemasonry in England" (1844); "Letters of the Kings of England" (1846); "Dictionary of Archaic and Provincial Words" (2 vols., 1847); "Life of William Shakespeare" (1848); "Popular Rhymes and Nursery Ballads" (1849); "Curiosities of Modern Shakespearian Criticism" (1853); "Notes of Family Excursions in North Wales" (1860); "Rambles in Western Cornwall" (1861); "The Last Days of William Shakespeare" (1863); "An Account of New Place, Stratford-on-Avon" (1864); and an edition of Shakespeare, published for subscribers, of which only 150 copies were printed (16 vols, fob, completed in 1865).

James Quin

James Quin, an English actor, born in London, Feb. 24, 1693, died in Bath, Jan. 21, 1766. He was educated at the university of Dublin, and when 20 years old went to London, and began to study law in the Temple. Having obtained an engagement at Drury Lane, he at first acted subordinate parts, but gained some reputation in the character of Bajazet. In 1720 he secured his fame by acting Falstaff in the "Merry Wives of Windsor," and greatly increased it in 1731 by excelling Barton Booth in the part of Cato; and on the appearance of Garrick in 1741, he stood at the head of his profession. In 1748 he retired from the stage, thereafter residing at Bath, but performed Falstaff every year till 1753, refusing to play afterward because he had lost his voice. He received a pension from George III., whom in his youth he had instructed in elocution.

James Ralph

James Ralph, an English author, born in Philadelphia, Pa., died in Chiswick, England, Jan. 24, 1762. He was a schoolmaster in Philadelphia, went to England in company with Benjamin Franklin in 1724, wrote "The Fashionable Lady, or Harlequin's Opera," performed in 1730, and altered several old plays. He attached himself to the faction of the prince of Wales, and on the accession of George III. received a pension, but only lived to enjoy it six months. His only political work now remembered is an octavo volume in answer to the duchess of Marlborough's "Account of her Conduct," in which he defended the memory of Queen Mary and Queen Anne. He continued anonymously Guthrie's history, under the title of a" History of England during the Reigns of King William, Queen Anne, and George I".

James Richardson

James Richardson, an English traveller, born in Boston, Lincolnshire, Nov. 3, 1809, died at Ungurutua, central Africa, March 4, 1851. He early visited Algeria and the Bar-bary states, and in 1845 travelled across the desert of Sahara as far as Ghadames and Ghat, and after his return published "Travels in the Great Desert of Sak'ara" (2 vols., London, 1849). The English government placed him at the head of a new expedition, and, joined by Barth and Overweg, he left Tripoli in 1850, and was the first European visitor of the stony desert of Hammadah, whence he proceeded to Bornoo, where he died. Bayle St. John edited his "Narrative of a Mission to Central Africa " (2 vols., 1853).