James Smith, a signer of the Declaration of Independence, born in Ireland about 1719, died in York, Pa., July 11, 1806. He came to America with his father's' family in 1729, studied law in Lancaster, Pa., and after his admission to practice removed to the neighborhood of Shippensburg, and engaged in surveying. After a few years he removed to York, which became his permanent home, and entered upon the legal profession. In 1774 he was chosen a deputy to attend the provincial meeting, or rather "Committee for the Province of Pennsylvania," which convened at Philadelphia July 15. At this meeting he was one of those who were appointed to " prepare and bring in a draught of instructions to the representatives in assembly met." In 1776 he was chosen a member of the continental congress, in which he continued till 1778; and when congress held its sessions in York, the board of war occupied his law office.
James Syme, a Scottish surgeon, born in Edinburgh in 1799, died there, June 26, 1870. He received his diploma as surgeon in 1821, and in 1823 became a fellow of the royal college of Edinburgh, and in 1843 of the English college of surgeons. From 1821 to 1833 he lectured on surgery, and in 1833 was appointed to the chair of clinical surgery at Edinburgh. He originated or aided in establishing many improvements, including the resection of diseased joints in place of amputation (a practice already introduced by Roux in 1812), the process for amputation of the foot at the ankle joint (known as " Syme's operation"), and the removal of large tumors of the lower jaw by exsection of the entire bone. His works include " The Excision of Diseased Joints" (1831), and "Principles of Surgery" (1832), both republished in Philadelphia (1866). - See " Memorial of the Life of James Syme," by Robert Paterson, M. D. (Edinburgh, 1871).
James Thompson Callender, a political writer, born in Scotland, died in Richmond, Va., in July, 1803. He was exiled for publishing his " Political Progress of Britain," and came to Philadelphia, where he published the " Political Register " (1794-'5) and the " American Register" (1796). For a long time he was editor of the " Richmond Recorder," and distinguished himself by his attacks upon the administrations of Washington and Adams. He also published " The Prospect before us " and " Sketches of American History." He was at one time a friend of Jefferson, but became his enemy. He was drowned in the James river while bathing.
James Tod, an English soldier, born in 1782, died in London, Nov. 17, 1835. He went to India in 1800 as a cadet in the East India company's service, and attained the rank of lieutenant colonel. After the Mahratta war, he was engaged to survey Rajpootana, of which a topographical map was finished in 1815. He was political agent of Mewar and other Rajpoot states from 1817 to 1823. He wrote "Annals and Antiquities of Rajasthan": (2 vols. 4to, London, 1829-'32), and " Travels in Western India" (4to, 1839).