Jean Baptiste Francois Provost, a French actor, born Jan. 29, 1798, died Dec. 24, 1865. He studied at the conservatory in Paris, and became professor of elocution in 1839. He played at the Odéon theatre from 1819 to 1828, and at that of Porte Saint Martin till 1835, when he appeared at the Théâtre Français, of which he became a member in 1839. His most celebrated rôles as a tragedian were Claude in Valeria (1852), the marquis de Rieux in Duc Job (1858), the banker Charrier in Augier's Effrontés, and the deputy marshal in the same author's Le fils de Giboyer (1863-4).
Jean Baptiste Franfois Marbeal, a French philanthropist, born at Brives in 1798. He became an advocate in Paris, and published in 1824 a treatise on proceedings at civil law, and in 1834 one in the interest of the working classes. In 1844 appeared his Etudes sur Veco-nomie sociale. In the same year he was appointed adjunct mayor, and founded the first infant asylum (creche) at Chaillot. He forth the utility of such institutions in ties creches (1845), which has had many editions and translations, and obtained a Mont von prize of 3,000 francs, which he appropriated to one of the principal asylums. His beneficent enterprise led to the establishment of hundreds of infant asylums all over France.
Jean Baptiste Gnstave Planche, a French critic, born in Paris, Feb. 16, 1808, died there, Sept. 18, 1857. He was educated at the Bourbon college, and in 1831 became a contributor to the Revue des Deux Mondes, and assisted Balzac in editing the short-lived Chronique de Paris. His slovenly habits caused him to be styled the " Diogenes of literature." He went to Italy about 1841, devoted five years to studying Italian art, and after his return published essays on the Italian masters.
Jean Baptiste Joseph Duchesne De Gisors, a French miniature and enamel painter, born in Gisors, Dec. 8, 1770, died there, March 25, 1856. He removed to Paris at an early age, and after the restoration of the Bourbons became court painter. His miniatures of Napoleon I. and of the duchess de Berry are remarkable specimens of the art. He was much employed by the royal families of England and Belgium, and between 1840 and 1848 was engaged in continuing the series of paintings on enamel in the Louvre commenced by Petitot. He also executed a series in enamel for Queen Victoria after the miniatures of Sir William Ross. Some of the latter, painted in his 82d year, are of the highest excellence.
Jean Baptiste Lechevalier, a French archaeologist, born near Coutances, in Normandy, July 1,1752, died in Paris, July 2,1836. He was secretary of legation under Count de Choiseul-Gouffier at Constantinople, and his associate (1785-'6) in exploring the Troad. In 1805 he became director of the library of Ste. Genevieve in Paris. While in England he lived for several years in the house of Sir Francis Bur-dett, and in Edinburgh he delivered a lecture on Troy before the royal society, winch was published in English by A. Dalzel (London, 1791). His Voyage de la Troade (3d and enlarged ed., 3 vols. Paris, 1802), gave rise to much controversy; and his Ulysse-Homer (Paris, 1829), published under the nom de plume of Constant Koliades, in which he endeavored to show that Ulysses was the author of the Homeric poems, was regarded as absurd. His other writings include Voyage de la Propon-tide et du Pont Euxin (2 vols., Paris, 1800).