Jean Baptiste Lucien Baudens, a French military surgeon, born at Aire, Pas-de-Calais, April 3, 1804, died in Paris, Dec. 3, 1857. He founded a hospital in Algiers, in which he taught anatomy and surgery for nine years. He was in most of the African campaigns, and figures in two of Horace Vernet's paintings. In 1841 he became director of the Paris military hospital of instruction, the Val-de-Grace. During the Crimean war he was a member of the sanitary committee of the army. His principal works are: Nouvelle methode dea amputations (Paris, 1842), and La guerre de Crimee, lea campe-ments, lea abria, lea ambulancea, lea hopitaux, etc. (Paris, 1857; 2d ed., 1862; Ger. translation, Kiel, 1864).
Jean Baptiste Madou, a Belgian painter, born in Brussels about 1796. He studied under Ce-lestin Francois, and exhibited in 1835 "The Strolling Musicians" and " The Dealers in Jewelry." He became professor at the royal school, and drawing master to the junior members of the royal family. Among his finest genre pictures are " The Marplots," which was purchased by the government, and " The Entertainment at the Palace," which was much admired at the Paris exhibition of 1855. He also excels as an engraver. Among his designs are those for a work on the " Physiognomy of Society in Europe, from Louis XL to our Days," and lithographed " Belgian Designs and Costumes, Ancient and Modern," and " Scenes in the Lives of Painters of the Flemish and Dutch Schools."
Jean Baptiste Paulin Guerin, a French painter, born in Toulon, March 25, 1783, died in Paris, Jan. 16, 1855. He was the son of a locksmith, and at first made a living as a workman. Having saved enough money to go to Paris, he accepted a menial office in the studio of Gerard, where he secretly executed a large picture, "Cain after the Death of Abel," which was purchased by the government. Among his paintings, some of which are mythological, while most of them are of a religious character, are the "Descent from the Cross," which was presented to the Roman Catholic cathedral in Baltimore, U. S., by Louis XVIII.; "An-chises and Venus," purchased by the French government in 1822; and "Adam and Eve expelled from the Garden of Eden," one of the masterpieces of the French school. He left also many portraits, those of Charles X. and Lamennais among the number.
Jean Baptiste Prosper Bressant, a French actor, born at Chalon-sur-Sa6ne, Oct. 24, 1815. He made his debut in Paris in 1835, and after acting for long terms at the Varietes and Gym-nase theatres of that city and in St. Petersburg, he became in 1854 a member of the Comedie Francaise. He has been distinguished as a light comedian both in the modern and the classic drama; also in such parts as Richelieu in Du-mas's Mile, de Belle-Isle.
Jean Baptiste Regnault, baron, a French painter, born in Paris in October, 1754, died there in November, 1829. He began life as a sailor, and subsequently studied in Paris and in Rome, where he was enabled to spend several years by winning in 1776 a first academical prize. His "Education of Achilles" and other works placed him in the front rank of the French school. He was professor at the school of fine arts from 1795 to 1818, when he was transferred to the polytechnic school.