Jean Baudrais

Jean Baudrais, a French author, born at Tours, Aug. 14, 1749, died May 4, 1832. He began his literary life at Paris by writing Vol-legreaae mllageoiae, in honor of the dauphin's marriage, 1781. He was a revolutionist and enemy of Louis XVI., whose last testament he countersigned as witness. He was employed in various magisterial posts during the republic and the consulate, and eventually at the colony of Guadeloupe, whence he was transferred to Cayenne. He refused to take the oath of allegiance to Napoleon, was removed from his office, and emigrated to the United States, where he passed 13 years, living by manual labor. His chief work is his unfinished Esaai sur l'origine et lea progrea de l'art dramatique en France (3 vols., Paris, 1791).

Jean Bauhin

Jean Bauhin, a Swiss physician and naturalist, born in Basel in 1541, died in 1613. He was a pupil of the botanist Fuchs at Tubingen, accompanied Conrad Gesner in his botanical excursions, travelled extensively over central Europe, and became court physician to Duke Ulric of Wiirtemberg. Bauhin cultivated in the ducal gardens of Montbeliard a great number of plants then recently introduced into Europe. His greatest work is Historia Plan-tarum Nova et Absolutissima (3 vols., Yverdun, 1650-'51).

Jean Beaumanor

Jean Beaumanor, sire de, a French knight, born in Brittany, lived about the middle of the 14th century. He was the friend and companion in arms of Du Guesclin, and distinguished himself in the civil wars of Brittany, fighting on the side of Charles of Blois against John of Montfort and the English. While in command of the castle of Josselin in 1351 he challenged Bemborough, the English commander at Ploermel, to meet 30 French knights with 30 Englishmen at a place between the two castles known as Midway Oak. On the first onset the English excelled their adversaries; but Bemborough having been killed, the French renewed the struggle, and won the victory. This combat was long known as the battle of the thirty. At the battle of Auray, in 1364, Beaumanoir was taken prisoner.

Jean Benjamin De Laborde

Jean Benjamin De Laborde, a French composer, born in Paris, Sept. 5, 1734, guillotined July 22, 1794. While young he became a favorite of Louis XV., and dissipated nearly the whole of his fortune; but he cultivated his taste for music, and during the life of his patron produced several successful operas. He published Essai sur la musique ancienne et moderne (4 vols., 1780), and several works on history, chronology, and geography. At the breaking out of the revolution he became obnoxious in consequence of being one of the farmers general, and retired to Rouen, but was brought back to Paris, and executed.

Jean Benoit Desiree Cochet

Jean Benoit Desiree Cochet, abbe, a French archaeologist, born at Sanvic, near Havre, March 7, 1812. He studied at the college of Havre and at the seminary of Rouen, took orders in 1830, and became vicar at Havre and Dieppe, and subsequently almoner of the ly-ceum at Rouen. In 1842 he discovered at Etre-tat the remains of a Roman villa, and afterward made various explorations in the neighborhood of Dieppe, bringing to light many remarkable antiquities. Besides papers in several journals, he has published Eglises de l'arrondissement du Havre (2 vols., 1844-'6); Eglises de l'arron-dissement de Dieppe (2 vols., 1846-'50); Etre-tat, son passe, son present, son avenir (1852); La galerie dieppoise and La Normandie sou-terraine, the latter work crowned by the institute (1854); Sepultures gauloises, romaines, franques et normandcs (1857); Eglises de l' arrondissement d'Yvetot (2 vols., 1862); and Repertoire archeologique du departement de la Seine-In ferieure (1872).