Jean Frederic Osterwald, a Swiss clergyman, born in Neufchatel, Nov. 25, 10(33, died there, April 14, 1747. He was pastor of the Reformed church in Neufchatel, and published Abrégé de l'histoire de la Bible; Traite des sources de corruption parmi les Chretiens; Truite contre l'impurete; Ethica Christiana, etc. Ostenvald, Turretin, and Werenfels were called the "triumvirate of Swiss divines".
Jean Goujon, a French sculptor, born in Paris about 1515, said to have been killed there on St. Bartholomew's day, Aug. 24, 1572. Little is known of his life until 1541, when he was employed at Paris in producing the beautiful sculptures of the rood loft of St. Germain-l'Auxerrois, and at Rouen in the cathedral and in the church of St. Maclou. In 1548 Henry II. employed him in decorating the chateau of Anet, which he was building for his mistress, Diana of Poitiers. There he produced the celebrated group, now belonging to the Louvre, of Diana and the stag. Another huntress Diana by him is in the chateau of Malmaison. In 1550 the fontaine des innocents was commenced in the rue St. Denis; it was transported in 1788 to the square which it now adorns. He was also employed as an architect on the old Louvre. Several of his best works are still extant. See OEuvres de Jean Goujon, with 90 outline plates by Reveil (Paris, 1844).
Jean Henri Abdolonyme Ibuini, a French author, born in Issoudun, Oct. 20, 1818. He early explored the East, and in 1848 participated in the revolution at Bucharest, and became secretary of the provisional government. Subsequently he settled in Paris. His works include Lettres sur la Turquie (2 vols., 1849'61; English, London, 1856); La Turquie actuelle (1855); and La question des principautes danuliennes devant l'Europe (1858). He has also translated the Saturnalia of Macrobius (1845) and edited the works of Voiture (1856), and for several years the Revue de V Orient.
Jean Ignace Isidore Grandville, whose real i name was Gerard, a French caricaturist, born in Nancy in September, 1803, died at Vanves, near Paris, in March, 1847. He was the son of a miniature painter, and attracted attention in 1828 by his Metamorphoses du jour, illustrating prevailing follies and vices by representing well known personages with the faces of animals. His political caricatures and his pictures of animals increased his reputation, and he furnished many designs for illustrated and humorous journals, for Lafontaine's fables, and for many other works. In the latter part of his life he took up fantastic and ghostly subjects, and he died in a lunatic asylum. - See Grandville, by Charles Blanc (Paris, 1855).
Jean Jacqnes Nicolas Balechof, a French engraver, born at Aries in 1715, died in Avignon, Aug. 18, 1765. His finest work is the full-length portrait of Augustus III., king of Poland, after Rigaud, in the Dresden gallery. Among his works were three fine plates after Claude Vernet, and one of Ste. Genevieve, after Vanloo.